[{"id":"1","title":"Lev indick\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Lev je jedinou ko\u010dkovitou \u0161elmou, kter\u00e1 vykazuje v\u00fdraznou pohlavn\u00ed dvojtv\u00e1rnost. Samec je nejen v\u011bt\u0161\u00ed ne\u017e samice, ale m\u00e1 nav\u00edc typickou h\u0159\u00edvu. Ml\u00e1\u010fata jsou skvrnit\u00e1 a teprve ve t\u0159ech letech zcela p\u0159ebarv\u00ed do plav\u00e9 hn\u011bdi dosp\u011bl\u00fdch. Charakteristick\u00fdm znakem lv\u016f je ocas zakon\u010den\u00fd \u0161t\u011btkou dlouh\u00fdch chlup\u016f.<\/p>","latin_title":"Panthera leo persica","class":"1","order":{"title":"\u0160elmy (Carnivora)"},"breeding":"

Lvi, i kdy\u017e ti afri\u010dt\u00ed, v\u0161ak byli v pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo chov\u00e1ni u\u017e d\u00e1vno p\u0159edt\u00edm \u2013 vlastn\u011b je\u0161t\u011b d\u0159\u00edve, ne\u017e byla otev\u0159ena pro ve\u0159ejnost. Prvn\u00edm z nich se stala mal\u00e1 lvice \u0160\u00e1rka, dar \u0159editele cirkusu Rebernigg, kter\u00e1 \u017eila od b\u0159ezna 1930 ve vile zakladatele zoo prof. Ji\u0159\u00edho Jandy.<\/p>","reproduction":"Samice je b\u0159ez\u00ed 100-119 dn\u00ed, rod\u00ed 1-6 ml\u00e1\u010fat.","food_note":"obratlovci do velikosti buvola","biotopes_note":"otev\u0159en\u00e1 krajina, k\u0159oviny","spread_note":"Rezervace G\u00edrsk\u00fd les v z\u00e1padn\u00ed Indii","projects_note":"Lvi kdysi ob\u00fdvali nejen Afriku, ale tak\u00e9 Asii a ji\u017en\u00ed Evropu. Z asijsk\u00e9 populace zbyl nepatrn\u00fd po\u010det lv\u016f v rezervaci G\u00edrsk\u00fd les v Indii. Pr\u00e1v\u011b na kriticky ohro\u017een\u00e9 lvy indick\u00e9 se v posledn\u00edch letech soust\u0159edily snahy zoologick\u00fdch zahrad o jejich z\u00e1chranu. V r\u00e1mci Evropsk\u00e9ho z\u00e1chovn\u00e9ho programu (EEP) se do tohoto \u00fasil\u00ed zapojila i pra\u017esk\u00e1 zoo, kde m\u016f\u017eete lvy indick\u00e9 obdivovat od roku 2004.","proportions":"D\u00e9lka t\u011bla 1,4-2,5 m; d\u00e9lka ocasu 90-105 cm; v\u00fd\u0161ka v kohoutku 1-1,2 m; hmotnost 120-250 kg","attractions":"

Lvi jsou jedin\u00fdmi ko\u010dkovit\u00fdmi \u0161elmami, kter\u00e9 \u017eij\u00ed ve skupin\u00e1ch. U lv\u016f africk\u00fdch vedou rodinnou skupinu jeden nebo dva nejsiln\u011bj\u0161\u00ed samci, kte\u0159\u00ed se v\u0161ak lovu ne\u00fa\u010dastn\u00ed. Ten je z\u00e1le\u017eitost\u00ed lvic, z nich\u017e n\u011bkter\u00e9 \u010d\u00edhaj\u00ed v z\u00e1loze a jin\u00e9 jim ko\u0159ist nadh\u00e1n\u011bj\u00ed. Z \u00falovku se nejprve nasyt\u00ed vedouc\u00ed samci. Samot\u00e1\u0159sky \u017eij\u00ed v\u011bt\u0161inou jen sta\u0159\u00ed samci nebo naopak mlad\u00ed lvi, kte\u0159\u00ed nedok\u00e1\u017eou skupinu samic \u00fa\u010dinn\u011b obr\u00e1nit p\u0159ed jin\u00fdmi samci. Naproti tomu u lv\u016f indick\u00fdch \u017eij\u00ed samci mimo sme\u010dku, tedy samot\u00e1\u0159sky, a sami aktivn\u011b lov\u00ed. Se samicemi se sdru\u017euj\u00ed pouze za \u00fa\u010delem p\u00e1\u0159en\u00ed a u str\u017een\u00e9 velk\u00e9 ko\u0159isti. Sme\u010dky jsou pak z\u00e1le\u017eitost\u00ed lvic a ml\u00e1\u010fat, co\u017e logicky znamen\u00e1, \u017ee jsou m\u00e9n\u011b po\u010detn\u00e9 ne\u017e sme\u010dky africk\u00fdch lv\u016f.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"listnat\u00fd a sm\u00ed\u0161en\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"obratlovci"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Savci (Mammalia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"5","title":"Amazo\u0148an jamajsk\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:M\u011b\u0159\u00ed 28 cm a m\u00e1 r\u016f\u017eov\u00e9 hrdlo a prsa a b\u00edl\u00fd p\u00e1sek nad zob\u00e1kem.<\/p>","latin_title":"Amazona collaria","class":"7","order":{"title":"Papou\u0161ci (Psittaciformes)"},"breeding":"

Amazo\u0148ani, kte\u0159\u00ed se stali z\u00e1kladem Evropsk\u00e9 plemenn\u00e9 knihy veden\u00e9 pra\u017eskou zoo, byli ob\u011bt\u00ed pa\u0161er\u00e1k\u016f. T\u0159\u00ed jedinci byli zabaveni p\u0159ekupn\u00edkovi p\u0159i pokusu o propa\u0161ov\u00e1n\u00ed do \u010cesk\u00e9 republiky v roce 2005. V p\u00e9\u010di pra\u017esk\u00fdch chovatel\u016f vyvedli od roku 2008 v\u00edce ne\u017e 40 ml\u00e1\u010fat a Zoo Praha je tak historicky nej\u00fasp\u011b\u0161n\u011bj\u0161\u00edm chovatelem tohoto druhu.<\/p>","reproduction":"Hn\u00edzd\u00ed ve stromov\u00fdch dutin\u00e1ch, po\u010det vajec 2\u20133, inkubace 26\u221228 dn\u00ed.","food_note":"o\u0159echy, semena, \u0161\u0165avnat\u00e9 plody, v\u00fdhonky, kv\u011bty","biotopes_note":"r\u016fzn\u00e9 typy les\u016f, plant\u00e1\u017ee","spread_note":"Braz\u00edlie, Kolumbie, Ekv\u00e1dor, Guyana, Venezuela, Peru","projects_note":"","proportions":"D\u00e9lka t\u011bla 20-24 cm, d\u00e9lka ocasu 10 cm, d\u00e9lka k\u0159\u00eddla 12-13 cm, hmotnost 370 g","attractions":"

AMAZO\u0147ANI OBECN\u011a: amazo\u0148ani jsou jihoameri\u010dt\u00ed papou\u0161ci, kter\u00e9 pozn\u00e1te hlavn\u011b podle kr\u00e1tk\u00e9ho zakulacen\u00e9ho ocasu a p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b zelen\u00e9ho zbarven\u00ed. Ve sv\u00e9 domovin\u011b pat\u0159\u00ed k v\u00fdznamn\u00fdm \u0161i\u0159itel\u016fm semen, v dom\u00e1cnostech (a to i domorod\u00fdch indi\u00e1nsk\u00fdch) jsou zase obl\u00edben\u00ed jako spole\u010dn\u00edci, proto\u017ee dovedou napodobovat lidskou \u0159e\u010d. \u017dij\u00ed v p\u00e1rech, kter\u00e9 se sdru\u017euj\u00ed do r\u016fzn\u011b po\u010detn\u00fdch hejn, je\u017e se b\u011bhem dne rozpt\u00fdl\u00ed p\u0159i hled\u00e1n\u00ed potravy a na noc se sl\u00e9taj\u00ed na nocovi\u0161t\u011b.<\/p>\r\n

AMAZO\u0147AN JAMAJSK\u00dd: amazo\u0148an jamajsk\u00fd je endemitem ostrova Jamajky, kde ob\u00fdv\u00e1 n\u00ed\u017einn\u00e9 lesy poho\u0159\u00ed Cockpit Country a Blue Mountains, i kdy\u017e za potravou l\u00e9t\u00e1 i pom\u011brn\u011b daleko na plant\u00e1\u017ee. V \u010cerven\u00e9m seznamu IUCN je uveden jako zraniteln\u00fd druh pr\u00e1v\u011b v d\u016fsledku likvidace t\u011bchto biotop\u016f. Ohro\u017een\u00fd je kv\u016fli \u00fabytku hn\u00edzdn\u00edch dut\u00fdch strom\u016f, kter\u00e9 ustupuj\u00ed jednak t\u011b\u017eb\u011b bauxitu, ale zejm\u00e9na jsou k\u00e1ceny p\u0159i odchytu papou\u0161k\u016f a jejich ml\u00e1\u010fat pro neleg\u00e1ln\u00ed obchod. Voln\u011b \u017eij\u00edc\u00ed populace dosp\u011bl\u00fdch jedinc\u016f je odhadov\u00e1na na 6 000 a\u017e 15 000 pt\u00e1k\u016f Pokud nedojde ke zm\u011bn\u00e1m podm\u00ednek a intenzivn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed ochran\u011b druhu, bude ve st\u0159edn\u011bdob\u00e9m obdob\u00ed vystaven velk\u00e9mu nebezpe\u010d\u00ed vyhynut\u00ed.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Ji\u017en\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Pt\u00e1ci (Aves)"},"localities":{"title":"Doln\u00ed \u010d\u00e1st zoo","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/areal\/8660-dolni-cast-arealu"}},{"id":"597","title":"Amazo\u0148an \u0161edohlav\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Amazo\u0148an \u0161edohlav\u00fd je mal\u00fd papou\u0161ek (m\u011b\u0159\u00ed 27\u201329 cm) ob\u00fdvaj\u00edc\u00ed horsk\u00e9 v\u00e1pencov\u00e9 lesy na Jamajce.<\/p>","latin_title":"Amazona agilis","class":"7","order":{"title":"Papou\u0161ci (Psittaciformes)"},"breeding":"

Na\u0161i amazo\u0148ani p\u0159i\u0161li do zoo zaj\u00edmav\u00fdm zp\u016fsobem: poch\u00e1zej\u00ed z vajec, kter\u00e1 byla zabavena p\u0159ekupn\u00edkovi p\u0159i pokusu o propa\u0161ov\u00e1n\u00ed do \u010cesk\u00e9 republiky a p\u0159ed\u00e1na do z\u00e1chrann\u00e9ho centra v zoo. Zde se z nich v inkub\u00e1toru vyl\u00edhla pt\u00e1\u010d\u00e1tka, kter\u00e1 chovatel\u00e9 um\u011ble odchovali.  <\/p>","reproduction":"Hn\u00edzd\u00ed ve stromov\u00fdch dutin\u00e1ch, po\u010det vajec 2\u20133, inkubace 26\u221228 dn\u00ed.","food_note":"o\u0159echy, semena, \u0161\u0165avnat\u00e9 plody, v\u00fdhonky, kv\u011bty","biotopes_note":"r\u016fzn\u00e9 typy les\u016f, plant\u00e1\u017ee","spread_note":"Braz\u00edlie, Kolumbie, Ekv\u00e1dor, Guyana, Venezuela, Peru","projects_note":"","proportions":"M\u011b\u0159\u00ed 27\u201329 cm.","attractions":"

AMAZO\u0147ANI OBECN\u011a: amazo\u0148ani jsou jihoameri\u010dt\u00ed papou\u0161ci, kter\u00e9 pozn\u00e1te hlavn\u011b podle kr\u00e1tk\u00e9ho zakulacen\u00e9ho ocasu a p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b zelen\u00e9ho zbarven\u00ed. Ve sv\u00e9 domovin\u011b pat\u0159\u00ed k v\u00fdznamn\u00fdm \u0161i\u0159itel\u016fm semen, v dom\u00e1cnostech (a to i domorod\u00fdch indi\u00e1nsk\u00fdch) jsou zase obl\u00edben\u00ed jako spole\u010dn\u00edci, proto\u017ee dovedou napodobovat lidskou \u0159e\u010d. \u017dij\u00ed v p\u00e1rech, kter\u00e9 se sdru\u017euj\u00ed do r\u016fzn\u011b po\u010detn\u00fdch hejn, je\u017e se b\u011bhem dne rozpt\u00fdl\u00ed p\u0159i hled\u00e1n\u00ed potravy a na noc se sl\u00e9taj\u00ed na nocovi\u0161t\u011b.<\/p>\r\n

AMAZO\u0147AN \u0160EDOHLAV\u00dd: jeho typick\u00fdm znakem je \u0161edo\u010dern\u00fd zob\u00e1k a lysina kolem o\u010d\u00ed. V chovech pat\u0159\u00ed k vz\u00e1cnostem a v p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b je pova\u017eov\u00e1n za druh zraniteln\u00fd.<\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Ji\u017en\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Pt\u00e1ci (Aves)"}},{"id":"3","title":"Adax","description":"

\"Foto:Svetl\u00e9 zbarven\u00ed srsti adaxe napov\u00edd\u00e1, \u017ee \u017eije v pou\u0161ti, vyprahl\u00e9 krajine pln\u00e9 kamen\u00ed a p\u00edsku, daleko od vody.<\/p>","latin_title":"Addax nasomaculatus","class":"1","order":{"title":"Sudokopytn\u00edci (Artiodactyla)"},"breeding":"

Pra\u017esk\u00e1 zoo chov\u00e1 adaxy od roku 1979<\/strong>.<\/p>","reproduction":"B\u0159ezost 257\u2013264 dny, po\u010det ml\u00e1\u010fat 1","food_note":"Byliny, listy ke\u0159\u016f, tr\u00e1va","biotopes_note":"kamenit\u00e9 i p\u00eds\u010dit\u00e9 pou\u0161t\u011b","spread_note":"P\u016fvodn\u011b cel\u00e1 Sahara, dnes mal\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed v Nigeru","projects_note":"Kdysi \u017eili adaxov\u00e9 t\u00e9m\u011b\u0159 na cel\u00e9m \u00fazem\u00ed Sahary, za posledn\u00edch sto let jich v\u0161ak drasticky ubylo a dnes p\u0159e\u017e\u00edv\u00e1 posledn\u00ed \u017eivotaschopn\u00e1 populace na mal\u00e9m \u00fazem\u00ed v Nigeru. V zoologick\u00fdch zahrad\u00e1ch se jim na\u0161t\u011bst\u00ed da\u0159\u00ed, a tak bylo mo\u017en\u00e9 p\u0159istoupit k pozvoln\u00e9mu navracen\u00ed zv\u00ed\u0159at odchovan\u00fdch v lidsk\u00e9 p\u00e9\u010di zp\u011bt do p\u0159\u00edrody. Sv\u016fj odchov do t\u011bchto program\u016f poskytla i pra\u017esk\u00e1 zoo.","proportions":"D\u00e9lka t\u011bla 1,2\u20131,8 m, d\u00e9lka ocasu 25\u201335 cm, v\u00fd\u0161ka v kohoutku 1\u20131,1 m, hmotnost 60\u2013125 kg ","attractions":"

K nehostinn\u00e9mu prost\u0159ed\u00ed je skv\u011ble p\u0159izp\u016fsoben. Nepot\u0159ebuje toti\u017e p\u00edt ka\u017ed\u00fd den, proto\u017ee dok\u00e1\u017ee hospoda\u0159it s vodou obsa\u017eenou v potrav\u011b. Nav\u00edc jsou adaxov\u00e9 aktivn\u00ed za sou-mraku a v noci, kdy putuj\u00ed krajinou za potravou od jednoho ostr\u016fvku rostlin k druh\u00e9mu; den tr\u00e1v\u00ed obvykle odpo\u010dinkem, ukryt\u00ed ve st\u00ednu izolovan\u00fdch ostr\u016fvk\u016f strom\u016f. \u0160irok\u00e1 kopyta jim p\u0159i ch\u016fzi zabra\u0148uj\u00ed probo\u0159en\u00ed do sypk\u00e9ho podkladu. Adaxov\u00e9 se sdru\u017euj\u00ed do m\u00e1lo po\u010detn\u00fdch, pevn\u011b semknut\u00fdch skupin, ve kter\u00fdch samce od samic jen t\u011b\u017eko pozn\u00e1te \u2013 spir\u00e1lovit\u00e9 rohy maj\u00ed toti\u017e ob\u011b pohlav\u00ed. Ml\u00e1\u010fata se rod\u00ed hn\u011bdav\u00e1 a teprve ve v\u011bku n\u011bkolika m\u011bs\u00edc\u016f se za\u010d\u00ednaj\u00ed zbarvovat jako dosp\u011bl\u00ed. Kdysi \u017eili adaxov\u00e9 t\u00e9m\u011b\u0159 na cel\u00e9m \u00fazem\u00ed Sahary, za posledn\u00edch sto let jich v\u0161ak drasticky ubylo a dnes p\u0159e\u017e\u00edv\u00e1 posledn\u00ed \u017eivotaschopn\u00e1 populace na mal\u00e9m \u00fazem\u00ed v Nigeru. V zoologick\u00fdch zahrad\u00e1ch se jim na\u0161t\u011bst\u00ed da\u0159\u00ed, a tak bylo mo\u017en\u00e9 p\u0159istoupit k pozvoln\u00e9mu navracen\u00ed zv\u00ed\u0159at odchovan\u00fdch v lidsk\u00e9 p\u00e9\u010di zp\u011bt do p\u0159\u00edrody. <\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"pou\u0161\u0165 a polopou\u0161\u0165"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Afrika"},"classes":{"title":"Savci (Mammalia)"},"localities":{"title":"Horn\u00ed \u010d\u00e1st zoo","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/areal\/8661-horni-cast-arealu"}},{"id":"4","title":"Achatina \u017erav\u00e1","description":"

Zbarven\u00ed ulity je velmi prom\u011bnliv\u00e9, nej\u010dast\u011bji hn\u011bd\u00e9 se sv\u011btlej\u0161\u00edmi pruhy. Typick\u00fdm pozn\u00e1vac\u00edm znakem je b\u00edl\u00e9 nebo modrob\u00edl\u00e9 ob\u00fast\u00ed.<\/p>\r\n

\"Achatina<\/p>","latin_title":"Achatina fulica","class":"178","order":{"title":"Pl\u017ei - plicnat\u00ed (Pulmonata)"},"breeding":"

Oblovky chov\u00e1me  od roku 2004.<\/p>","reproduction":"Je hermafrodit; po\u010det vajec a\u017e 200, inkubace 2\u22123 t\u00fddny.","food_note":"plody a dal\u0161\u00ed m\u011bkk\u00e9 \u010d\u00e1sti rostlin","biotopes_note":"p\u0159\u00edzemn\u00ed patro tropick\u00fdch les\u016f","spread_note":"st\u0159edn\u00ed Afrika","projects_note":"","proportions":"D\u00e9lka ulity 20-25 cm, hmotnost a\u017e 0,5 kg","attractions":"

Achatiny neboli oblovky pat\u0159\u00ed k nejv\u011bt\u0161\u00edm suchozemsk\u00fdm pl\u017e\u016fm, do skupiny plicnat\u00fdch. To znamen\u00e1, \u017ee d\u00fdchaj\u00ed prokrvenou st\u011bnou pl\u00e1\u0161\u0165ov\u00e9 dutiny. Zdr\u017euj\u00ed se na lesn\u00ed p\u016fd\u011b, p\u0159i\u010dem\u017e d\u00e1vaj\u00ed p\u0159ednost vlhk\u00fdm m\u00edst\u016fm. Den tr\u00e1v\u00ed v \u00fakrytu pod kameny, listy nebo kl\u00e1dami a teprve ve\u010der se vyd\u00e1vaj\u00ed hledat potravu. Drsnou jazykovou p\u00e1skou (takzvanou radulou) ukusuj\u00ed \u010d\u00e1sti rostlin. Oblovky jsou podobn\u011b jako na\u0161i hlem\u00fd\u017edi zahradn\u00ed hermafroditi. To znamen\u00e1, \u017ee ka\u017ed\u00fd jedinec m\u00e1 vyvinut\u00e9 sam\u010d\u00ed i sami\u010d\u00ed pohlavn\u00ed org\u00e1ny. P\u0159i p\u00e1\u0159en\u00ed si partne\u0159i vym\u011b\u0148uj\u00ed spermatofory se spermiemi, aby nedoch\u00e1zelo k samooplozen\u00ed. Pot\u00e9 nakladou kulovit\u00e1 vaj\u00ed\u010dka, kter\u00e1 n\u011bkdy zahrab\u00e1vaj\u00ed do p\u016fdy. Po vyl\u00edhnut\u00ed maj\u00ed mal\u00e9 oblovky ji\u017e vyvinutou ulitu, i kdy\u017e dosud m\u011bkkou a k\u0159ehkou. Achatiny jsou \u010dasto chov\u00e1ny pro z\u00e1bavu, ale na druhou stranu jsou pova\u017eov\u00e1ny za invazn\u00ed druh, tedy za druh, kter\u00fd mimo sv\u016fj p\u016fvodn\u00ed are\u00e1l zatla\u010duje podobn\u011b \u017eij\u00edc\u00ed druhy p\u016fvodn\u00ed. Tito pl\u017ei jsou toti\u017e velice p\u0159izp\u016fsobiv\u00ed, a pokud je n\u011bkdo vypust\u00ed do p\u0159\u00edrody, dok\u00e1\u017eou p\u0159e\u017e\u00edt i mimo lesn\u00ed prost\u0159ed\u00ed. Vzhledem k neoby\u010dejn\u00e9 \u017eravosti jsou pak potravn\u00edmi konkurenty men\u0161\u00edch suchozemsk\u00fdch pl\u017e\u016f.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Afrika"},"classes":{"title":"M\u011bkk\u00fd\u0161i (Mollusca)"},"localities":{"title":"Afrika zbl\u00edzka","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1443-afrika-zblizka"}},{"id":"9","title":"Pard\u00e1l obl\u00e1\u010dkov\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Pard\u00e1l obl\u00e1\u010dkov\u00fd a jeho bl\u00edzk\u00fd p\u0159\u00edbuzn\u00fd pard\u00e1l Diard\u016fv maj\u00ed mezi ostatn\u00edmi ko\u010dkami sv\u00e9 velikosti v\u00fdjime\u010dnou kresbu srsti v podob\u011b velk\u00fdch mramorov\u00fdch skvrn. Ml\u00e1\u010fata se rod\u00ed se stejnou kresbou jako dosp\u011bl\u00ed, jen skvrny nejsou st\u00ednovan\u00e9, ale jednobarevn\u00e9. Dal\u0161\u00edmi typick\u00fdmi znaky jsou velk\u00e1 hlava, dlouh\u00fd pruhovan\u00fd ocas a kr\u00e1tk\u00e9 siln\u00e9 nohy.<\/p>","latin_title":"Neofelis nebulosa ","class":"1","order":{"title":"\u0160elmy (Carnivora)"},"breeding":"

V pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo se prvn\u00ed pard\u00e1l obl\u00e1\u010dkov\u00fd objevil v roce 1961. Byl to samec, poch\u00e1zel z p\u0159\u00edrody a p\u0159icestoval z moskevsk\u00e9 zoo. V roce 1965 k n\u011bmu p\u0159ibyla samice (rovn\u011b\u017e z p\u0159\u00edrody), oba v\u0161ak o rok pozd\u011bji uhynuli. Od roku 1966 u\u017e pak chovala pra\u017esk\u00e1 zoo pouze pard\u00e1ly obl\u00e1\u010dkov\u00e9 narozen\u00e9 v lidsk\u00e9 p\u00e9\u010di. Prvn\u00ed ml\u00e1\u010fata tohoto chovatelsky n\u00e1ro\u010dn\u00e9ho druhu se poda\u0159ilo odchovat v roce 1969. Pak nastala p\u0159est\u00e1vka, na kterou nav\u00e1zala a\u017e dvojice poch\u00e1zej\u00edc\u00ed z anglick\u00e9 zoo v Howletts. Samec Luzon a samice Buri p\u0159i\u0161li do Prahy v roce 2006 a je\u0161t\u011b koncem t\u00e9ho\u017e roku se stali rodi\u010di dvou ko\u0165at. V n\u00e1sleduj\u00edc\u00edch t\u0159ech letech pak samice odchovala v\u017edy po jednom potomkovi.<\/p>","reproduction":"Samice je b\u0159ez\u00ed 86\u201393 dny, rod\u00ed 1\u22125 ml\u00e1\u010fat.","food_note":"obratlovci do velikosti prasete, v\u010detn\u011b pt\u00e1k\u016f ","biotopes_note":"tropick\u00e9 a horsk\u00e9 lesy","spread_note":"kontinent\u00e1ln\u00ed \u010d\u00e1st ji\u017en\u00ed a jihov\u00fdchodn\u00ed Asie ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 60\u2013100 cm, d\u00e9lka ocasu 60\u201390 cm, v\u00fd\u0161ka v kohoutku 50\u201355 cm, hmotnost 16\u201323 kg","attractions":"

Par\u00e1l obl\u00e1\u010dkov\u00fd je ko\u010dkovit\u00e1 \u0161elma, kter\u00e1 se vymyk\u00e1 jednoduch\u00e9mu za\u0159azen\u00ed mezi velk\u00e9 \u010di mal\u00e9 ko\u010dky. T\u0159eba\u017ee m\u00e1 t\u011blo dlouh\u00e9 do 1 m a zkostnat\u011blou jazylku, je dnes \u0159azen do skupiny velk\u00fdch ko\u010dek. Stejn\u011b jako t\u0159eba tygr nebo jagu\u00e1r m\u00e1 okrouhl\u00e9 zorni\u010dky a odpo\u010d\u00edv\u00e1 s p\u0159edn\u00edma nohama i ocasem nata\u017een\u00fdma na zemi. D\u00edky kr\u00e1tk\u00fdm noh\u00e1m se dok\u00e1\u017ee prod\u00edrat hust\u00fdm lesn\u00edm podrostem i \u0161plhat na stromy, kde odpo\u010d\u00edv\u00e1. M\u00e1 vzhledem k celkov\u00e9 velikosti neobvykle dlouh\u00e9 \u0161pi\u010d\u00e1ky, kter\u00e9 mu slou\u017e\u00ed jako u\u017eite\u010dn\u00fd n\u00e1stroj k uchopen\u00ed ko\u0159isti, kdy\u017e \u0161plh\u00e1 po stromech. O rodinn\u00e9m \u017eivot\u011b pard\u00e1l\u016f obl\u00e1\u010dkov\u00fdch v p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b se v\u00ed velmi m\u00e1lo. Pravd\u011bpodobn\u011b jsou to samot\u00e1\u0159i a setk\u00e1vaj\u00ed se jen v dob\u011b n\u00e1mluv. Ve\u0161kerou p\u00e9\u010di o ml\u00e1\u010fata obstar\u00e1v\u00e1 samice. Zprvu je ukr\u00fdv\u00e1 v hust\u00e9m podrostu, pozd\u011bji je u\u010d\u00ed v\u0161emu pot\u0159ebn\u00e9mu pro dosp\u011bl\u00fd \u017eivot. Mlad\u00ed pard\u00e1li jsou pln\u011b samostatn\u00ed ve v\u011bku necel\u00e9ho roku.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"obratlovci"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Savci (Mammalia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"6","title":"Anakonda velk\u00e1","description":"

\"Foto:Anakondy jsou mohutn\u00ed hadi z \u010deled\u011b hrozn\u00fd\u0161ovit\u00fdch. Obecn\u011b u nich plat\u00ed, \u017ee samice jsou v\u00fdrazn\u011b mohutn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed ne\u017e samci, ov\u0161em dosa\u017een\u00e1 velikost v\u017edy z\u00e1vis\u00ed na prost\u0159ed\u00ed a mno\u017estv\u00ed potravy.<\/p>","latin_title":"Eunectes murinus","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Do Zoo Praha se prvn\u00ed anakonda dostala v roce 1950 a z\u00e1hy se zabydlela v p\u0159ipraven\u00e9m akvater\u00e1riu. Z nezn\u00e1m\u00e9ho d\u016fvodu v\u0161ak odm\u00edtala sama p\u0159ij\u00edmat potravu, a tak ji chovatel\u00e9 museli a\u017e do konce \u017eivota krmit um\u011ble. V sou\u010dasnosti vystavujeme anakondy v Pavilonu \u0161elem a plaz\u016f spole\u010dn\u011b s n\u011bkolika dal\u0161\u00edmi druhy vodn\u00edch obratlovc\u016f a ji\u017e jsme tu n\u011bkolikr\u00e1t \u00fasp\u011b\u0161n\u011b odchovali ml\u00e1\u010fata.<\/p>","reproduction":"Samice p\u0159iv\u00e1d\u00ed ve vod\u011b na sv\u011bt \u017eiv\u00e1 ml\u00e1\u010fata, kter\u00e1 jsou po narozen\u00ed dlouh\u00e1 60 a\u017e 90 cm.","food_note":"ryby, kajmani a vodn\u00ed savci, p\u0159\u00edpadn\u011b kapybary nebo ml\u00e1\u010fata tap\u00edr\u016f","biotopes_note":"tropick\u00e9 lesy v okol\u00ed velk\u00fdch \u0159ek nebo stojat\u00fdch vod","spread_note":"Ji\u017en\u00ed Amerika v\u00fdchodn\u011b od And, na jihu po Paraguay","projects_note":"","proportions":"D\u00e9lka t\u011bla samc\u016f 2\u20133 m, samic 3\u20137 m (rekordn\u011b a\u017e 9 m), ocas tvo\u0159\u00ed asi sedminu celkov\u00e9 d\u00e9lky, hmotnost samc\u016f 5\u201315 kg, samic 15\u201390 kg (v\u00fdjime\u010dn\u011b i 250 kg)\r\n","attractions":"

V\u011bt\u0161inu \u017eivota tr\u00e1v\u00ed anakondy ve vod\u011b, kde \u010d\u00edhaj\u00ed na ko\u0159ist pono\u0159en\u00e9 pod hladinou, nad kterou jim vy\u010dn\u00edvaj\u00ed jen o\u010di a nozdry. B\u011bhem tr\u00e1ven\u00ed se anakondy \u010dasto slun\u00ed na b\u0159ez\u00edch. P\u0159esto mohou tr\u00e1vit v\u011bt\u0161\u00ed ko\u0159ist i mnoho dn\u00ed. Samice p\u0159iv\u00e1d\u00ed ve vod\u011b na sv\u011bt \u017eiv\u00e1 ml\u00e1\u010fata, kter\u00e1 jsou po narozen\u00ed dlouh\u00e1 60 a\u017e 90 cm. Skute\u010dn\u011b \"b\u0159ez\u00ed\" ale nen\u00ed - vyv\u00edjej\u00edc\u00ed se ml\u00e1\u010fata si z jej\u00edho t\u011bla neberou \u017e\u00e1dn\u00e9 \u017eiviny a jsou uzav\u0159en\u00e1 ve vaje\u010dn\u00fdch obalech. Mat\u010dino t\u011blo jim vlastn\u011b slou\u017e\u00ed jen jako inkub\u00e1tor, ve kter\u00e9m z\u016fst\u00e1vaj\u00ed do okam\u017eiku l\u00edhnut\u00ed; teprve tehdy za\u010dne samice vaj\u00ed\u010dka kl\u00e1st. Tomuto zp\u016fsobu rozmno\u017eov\u00e1n\u00ed \u0159\u00edk\u00e1me vejco\u017eivorodost a je elegantn\u00edm \u0159e\u0161en\u00edm, jak zajistit, aby samice ani kv\u016fli kladen\u00ed vajec nemusela opou\u0161t\u011bt vodu. Do Zoo Praha se prvn\u00ed anakonda dostala v roce 1950 a z\u00e1hy se zabydlela v p\u0159ipraven\u00e9m akvater\u00e1riu. Z nezn\u00e1m\u00e9ho d\u016fvodu v\u0161ak odm\u00edtala sama p\u0159ij\u00edmat potravu, a tak ji chovatel\u00e9 museli a\u017e do konce \u017eivota krmit um\u011ble. V sou\u010dasnosti vystavujeme anakondy v Pavilonu ko\u010dkovit\u00fdch \u0161elem spole\u010dn\u011b s n\u011bkolika dal\u0161\u00edmi druhy vodn\u00edch obratlovc\u016f a ji\u017e jsme tu n\u011bkolikr\u00e1t \u00fasp\u011b\u0161n\u011b odchovali ml\u00e1\u010fata.<\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"obratlovci"},"continents":{"name_c":"Ji\u017en\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"7","title":"Amu\u0159ice Hoevenova","description":"

\"Foto:M\u00e1 bezzub\u00e9 \u010delisti, a tak ji drt\u00ed pomoc\u00ed po\u017eer\u00e1kov\u00fdch zub\u016f, kter\u00e9 vyr\u016fstaj\u00ed na 5. \u017eabern\u00edm oblouku. Samec se od samice sv\u00fdm vzhledem neli\u0161\u00ed.<\/p>","latin_title":"Leptobarbus hoevenii","class":"172","order":{"title":"M\u00e1loostn\u00ed (Cypriniformes)"},"breeding":"

Amu\u0159ice chov\u00e1 pra\u017esk\u00e1 zoo od roku 2004 jako jeden z druh\u016f, ob\u00fdvaj\u00edc\u00edch prost\u0159ed\u00ed \"tropick\u00e9 \u0159eky\" ve vstupn\u00edm rondelu pavilonu Indon\u00e9sk\u00e1 d\u017eungle.<\/p>","reproduction":"Samice o jikry ani pl\u016fdek nepe\u010duje.","food_note":"vodn\u00ed bezobratl\u00ed a rostliny","biotopes_note":"rychle tekouc\u00ed, \u010dist\u00e9 \u0159eky ","spread_note":"Malajsk\u00fd poloostrov, Thajsko, Sumatra, Borneo","projects_note":"","proportions":"D\u00e9lka t\u011bla a\u017e 50 cm, hmotnost a\u017e 6 kg","attractions":"

Amu\u0159ice (d\u0159\u00edve parma) Hoevenova pat\u0159\u00ed k hospod\u00e1\u0159sky v\u00fdznamn\u00fdm kaprovit\u00fdm ryb\u00e1m v cel\u00e9 ji\u017en\u00ed Asii. Jako t\u00e9m\u011b\u0159 v\u0161ichni z\u00e1stupci \u0159\u00e1du m\u00e1loostn\u00fdch je v\u0161e\u017erav\u00e1 a potravu sb\u00edr\u00e1 pomoc\u00ed vysunovateln\u00fdch \u00fast. <\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"sladk\u00e9 vody"},"food":{"name_f":"rostliny i \u017eivo\u010dichov\u00e9"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Ryby paprskoploutv\u00e9 (Actinopterygii)"}},{"id":"8","title":"Anoa n\u00ed\u017einn\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Anoa je jeden z nejmen\u0161\u00edch tur\u016f na sv\u011bt\u011b (nejmen\u0161\u00ed je jeho p\u0159\u00edbuzn\u00fd anoa horsk\u00fd). Vypad\u00e1 jako kapesn\u00ed vyd\u00e1n\u00ed buvola vodn\u00edho a stejn\u011b jako on miluje vodu a ba\u017einy.<\/p>","latin_title":"Bubalus depressicornis","class":"1","order":{"title":"Sudokopytn\u00edci (Artiodactyla)"},"breeding":"

Zoo Praha chov\u00e1 tento druh od r. 1995. Prvn\u00ed ml\u00e1d\u011b se narodilo v r. 200, do r. 2013 n\u00e1sledovalo dal\u0161\u00edch sedm ml\u00e1\u010fat.<\/p>","reproduction":"b\u0159ezost 275\u2013315 dn\u00ed, po\u010det ml\u00e1\u010fat 1","food_note":"byliny, listy","biotopes_note":"vlhk\u00e9 lesy, mangrovy","spread_note":"Indon\u00e9sie - ostrovy Sulawesi a Buton","projects_note":"V p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b je anoa n\u00ed\u017einn\u00fd ohro\u017eov\u00e1n nejen nez\u00e1konn\u00fdm lovem, ale p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm k\u00e1cen\u00edm les\u016f, vysou\u0161en\u00edm ko\u0159ad\u016f a chorobami, kter\u00e9 p\u0159in\u00e1\u0161\u00ed dom\u00e1c\u00ed dobytek. Podle odhad\u016f \u017eije u\u017e jen 3 000--5 000 jedinc\u016f a po\u010detn\u00ed stavy rychle klesaj\u00ed.","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 1,8 m, d\u00e9lka ocasu 40 cm, v\u00fd\u0161ka v kohoutku 86 cm, hmotnost 150\u2013350 kg\r\n","attractions":"

Vyskytuje se jen v podm\u00e1\u010den\u00fdch les\u00edch Celebesu (Sulawesi), kde p\u0159edstavuje nejv\u011bt\u0161\u00edho p\u016fvodn\u00edho savce, a proto ho lid\u00e9 lov\u00ed jako v\u00edtan\u00fd zdroj masa. Nen\u00ed divu, \u017ee z p\u0159\u00edrody miz\u00ed! Krom\u011b toho, \u017ee je ohro\u017een\u00fd, toho v\u0161ak o jeho \u017eivot\u011b v\u00edme pram\u00e1lo. Pravd\u011bpodobn\u011b \u017eije samot\u00e1\u0159sky nebo v p\u00e1rech. Den tr\u00e1v\u00ed v \u00fakrytu a na pastvu vych\u00e1z\u00ed r\u00e1no a za soumraku. Ploch\u00e9 rohy a p\u0159ikr\u010den\u00fd postoj pat\u0159\u00ed k typick\u00fdm znak\u016fm zv\u00ed\u0159at, kter\u00e1 se prod\u00edraj\u00ed hust\u00fdm podrostem. <\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Savci (Mammalia)"},"localities":{"title":"Horn\u00ed \u010d\u00e1st zoo","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/areal\/8661-horni-cast-arealu"}},{"id":"11","title":"Ko\u010dka ryb\u00e1\u0159sk\u00e1","description":"

\"Foto:Je dvakr\u00e1t v\u011bt\u0161\u00ed ne\u017e dom\u00e1c\u00ed ko\u010dka. M\u00e1 svalnat\u00e9 t\u011blo, st\u0159edn\u011b dlouh\u00e9 nohy a olivov\u011b \u0161edou srst s tmavou kresbou. Mal\u00e9 boltce jsou posazen\u00e9 hodn\u011b vzadu. Jejich zadn\u00ed strana je \u010dern\u00e1, s kontrastn\u00ed b\u00edlou skvrnou.<\/p>","latin_title":"Prionailurus viverrinus","class":"1","order":{"title":"\u0160elmy (Carnivora)"},"breeding":"

Prvn\u00ed samice p\u0159i\u0161la do pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo v roce 2004 z ostravsk\u00e9 zoo. Od t\u00e9 doby se v Pavilonu ko\u010dkovit\u00fdch \u0161elem vyst\u0159\u00eddalo sedm dal\u0161\u00edch zv\u00ed\u0159at. Dnes tu spat\u0159\u00edte samce Matesa, kter\u00fd se narodil v roce 2004 ve sr\u00edlansk\u00e9 zoo v Colombu (do Prahy v\u0161ak p\u0159i\u0161el z brn\u011bnsk\u00e9 zoo), a samici Oruwu, narozenou v roce 2011 v Zoo Ostrava.<\/p>","reproduction":"samice je b\u0159ez\u00ed 63 dny, po\u010det ml\u00e1\u010fat 2\u20133","food_note":"hlavn\u011b ryby, v men\u0161\u00ed m\u00ed\u0159e jin\u00ed vodn\u00ed \u017eivo\u010dichov\u00e9 v\u010detn\u011b pt\u00e1k\u016f, kor\u00fd\u0161\u016f a m\u011bkk\u00fd\u0161\u016f ","biotopes_note":"mok\u0159ady, okol\u00ed stojat\u00fdch nebo pomalu tekouc\u00edch vod, mok\u0159ady v\u010detn\u011b mangrov\u016f","spread_note":"ji\u017en\u00ed a jihov\u00fdchodn\u00ed Asie, od Indie po J\u00e1vu ","projects_note":"Proto\u017ee mok\u0159ady jsou na cel\u00e9m sv\u011bt\u011b siln\u011b poznamen\u00e1ny lidskou \u010dinnost\u00ed a kvapem jich ub\u00fdv\u00e1, pat\u0159\u00ed ko\u010dka ryb\u00e1\u0159sk\u00e1 mezi ohro\u017een\u00e9 druhy. ","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 70\u201386 cm, d\u00e9lka ocasu 25\u201333 cm, v\u00fd\u0161ka v kohoutku 38\u201341 cm, hmotnost 8\u201315 kg","attractions":"

\u0158\u00edk\u00e1 se, \u017ee ko\u010dky nemaj\u00ed r\u00e1dy vodu. O ko\u010dce ryb\u00e1\u0159sk\u00e9 to v\u0161ak ani v nejmen\u0161\u00edm neplat\u00ed. Ve vod\u011b je t\u00e9m\u011b\u0159 jako doma a k \u017eivotu si vyb\u00edr\u00e1 pr\u00e1v\u011b takov\u00e9 oblasti, kde je vodn\u00edch ploch dostatek \u2013 okol\u00ed potok\u016f \u010di mrtv\u00fdch ramen \u0159ek, zaplavovan\u00e9 lesy, mo\u010d\u00e1ly \u010di porosty r\u00e1kosu. Dovede v\u00fdborn\u011b plavat (a um\u00ed uplavat i zna\u010dn\u00e9 vzd\u00e1lenosti) a zru\u010dn\u011b lov\u00ed ryby a jin\u00e9 vodn\u00ed \u017eivo\u010dichy. Tlapkou \u010de\u0159\u00ed vodn\u00ed hladinu, aby ko\u0159ist p\u0159il\u00e1kala, a pak ji dr\u00e1py vyt\u00e1hne. Jindy \u010d\u00edh\u00e1 na v\u011btvi nad vodou a doslova po hlav\u011b se za ko\u0159ist\u00ed vrh\u00e1 do vody, kde ji uchop\u00ed do zub\u016f. Tak jako velk\u00e1 v\u011bt\u0161ina ko\u010dkovit\u00fdch \u0161elem, i ko\u010dka ryb\u00e1\u0159sk\u00e1 je samot\u00e1\u0159. Den tr\u00e1v\u00ed v \u00fakrytu a na lov vyr\u00e1\u017e\u00ed r\u00e1no a nave\u010der.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"ryby"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Savci (Mammalia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"12","title":"Jaguarundi","description":"

Mo\u017en\u00e1 se to zd\u00e1 na prvn\u00ed pohled nepravd\u011bpodobn\u00e9, ale jaguarundi je prav\u00e1 a nefal\u0161ovan\u00e1 ko\u010dkovit\u00e1 \u0161elma ze skupiny mal\u00fdch ko\u010dek. Ploch\u00e1 hlava, prot\u00e1hl\u00e9 t\u011blo a kr\u00e1tk\u00e9 nohy jsou doslova stvo\u0159en\u00e9 k tomu, aby se jaguarundi snadno prot\u00e1hl k\u0159ovinami a hust\u00fdm podrostem. Ve sv\u00e9 jihoamerick\u00e9 domovin\u011b se vyskytuje ve t\u0159ech barevn\u00fdch form\u00e1ch \u2013 \u0161edohn\u011bd\u00e9, \u010dern\u00e9 a zlatav\u00e9.<\/p>\r\n

\"Jaguarundi,<\/p>","latin_title":"Puma yagouaroundi","class":"1","order":{"title":"\u0160elmy (Carnivora)"},"breeding":"

Zoo Praha chov\u00e1 tyto ko\u010dky od roku 1993, respektive 1995, kdy k p\u016fvodn\u00edmu samci p\u0159ibyla samice \u2013 oba ze zoo v holandsk\u00e9m Rotterdamu. Tomuto p\u00e1ru se poda\u0159ilo sice odchovat jen jedno ml\u00e1d\u011b, a to v roce 2000, nicm\u00e9n\u011b se i tak jednalo o obrovsk\u00fd chovatelsk\u00fd \u00fasp\u011bch. Nav\u00e1zala na n\u011bj dvojice Jund\u00edk (narozen 2002 v d\u011b\u010d\u00ednsk\u00e9 zoo) a Am\u00e1lka (narozena 2007 v Zoo Berl\u00edn). Sv\u00e9ho prvn\u00edho potomka odchovali v roce 2009, dal\u0161\u00ed dva v roce 2011 a zat\u00edm posledn\u00ed jejich ml\u00e1d\u011b se narodilo v z\u00e1\u0159\u00ed 2013.<\/p>","reproduction":"Samice je b\u0159ez\u00ed 63\u201375 dn\u00ed, rod\u00ed 1\u20134 ml\u00e1\u010fata.","food_note":"mal\u00ed \u017eivo\u010dichov\u00e9, spadan\u00e9 plody ","biotopes_note":" k\u0159oviny, r\u016fzn\u00e9 typy les\u016f a k\u0159oviny ","spread_note":"Ji\u017en\u00ed a St\u0159edn\u00ed Amerika, od Mexika po Argentinu ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 51\u201378 cm, d\u00e9lka ocasu 28\u201360 cm, v\u00fd\u0161ka v kohoutku 34 cm, hmotnost 2,5\u20139 kg","attractions":"

Je to neoby\u010dejn\u011b \u00fasp\u011b\u0161n\u00fd lovec a na loveck\u00e9 toulky se vyd\u00e1v\u00e1 ve dne i v noci. Potravu si hled\u00e1 sice v\u011bt\u0161inou na zemi, ale v p\u0159\u00edpad\u011b pot\u0159eby skv\u011ble \u0161plh\u00e1 a hbit\u011b p\u0159eskakuje z v\u011btve na v\u011btev. Nen\u00ed nijak vyb\u00edrav\u00fd, a tak m\u016f\u017ee \u017e\u00edt v\u0161ude, kde najde alespo\u0148 n\u011bjak\u00fd porost, v n\u011bm\u017e by se mohl ukr\u00fdt.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"listnat\u00fd a sm\u00ed\u0161en\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"rostliny i \u017eivo\u010dichov\u00e9"},"continents":{"name_c":"Ji\u017en\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Savci (Mammalia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"13","title":"Levhart j\u00e1vsk\u00fd ","description":"

\"Foto:Pat\u0159\u00ed mezi nejmen\u0161\u00ed a nejvz\u00e1cn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed poddruhy levharta skvrnit\u00e9ho. Mnoho levhart\u016f j\u00e1vsk\u00fdch m\u00e1 \u010dern\u00e9 zbarven\u00ed m\u00edsto b\u011b\u017en\u00e9ho skvrnit\u00e9ho. T\u00e9to vrozen\u00e9 odchylce se odborn\u011b \u0159\u00edk\u00e1 melanismus a vyskytuje se i u n\u011bkter\u00fdch dal\u0161\u00edch druh\u016f ko\u010dkovit\u00fdch \u0161elem, nap\u0159\u00edklad u jagu\u00e1r\u016f nebo serval\u016f. Jednolit\u00e1 \u010der\u0148 je v\u0161ak jen zd\u00e1n\u00edm a pod ur\u010dit\u00fdm \u00fahlem je v\u017edy jasn\u011b patrn\u00e1 prosv\u00edtaj\u00edc\u00ed kresba.<\/p>","latin_title":"Panthera pardus melas","class":"1","order":{"title":"\u0160elmy (Carnivora)"},"breeding":"

Samec Arjuna p\u0159i\u0161el do zoo v roce 2013 z Tierparku Berlin, kde se narodil v lednu 2012.<\/p>","reproduction":"samice je b\u0159ez\u00ed 3 m\u011bs\u00edce, rod\u00ed obvykle 2\u20133 ml\u00e1\u010fata","food_note":"st\u0159edn\u011b velc\u00ed obratlovci (hulmani, munt\u017eaci, prasata) ","biotopes_note":"k\u0159ovinat\u00e9 oblasti, r\u016fzn\u00e9 typy les\u016f, k\u0159oviny ","spread_note":"Indon\u00e9sie \u2013 ostrov J\u00e1va ","projects_note":"V \u010cerven\u00e9m seznamu IUCN je za\u0159azen jako kriticky ohro\u017een\u00fd. Prost\u0159ed\u00ed, ve kter\u00e9m \u017eije, toti\u017e na jeho rodn\u00e9m ostrov\u011b z\u00e1vratnou rychlost\u00ed miz\u00ed, vhodn\u00e9 ko\u0159isti je \u010d\u00edm d\u00e1l m\u00e9n\u011b a m\u00edstn\u00ed obyvatel\u00e9 nav\u00edc levharta \u010dasto lov\u00ed. Podle nejoptimisti\u010dt\u011bj\u0161\u00edch odhad\u016f tak dnes \u017eije na cel\u00e9 J\u00e1v\u011b nanejv\u00fd\u0161 250 dosp\u011bl\u00fdch jedinc\u016f .","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 1,4\u22121,5 m, d\u00e9lka ocasu 60\u221270 cm, v\u00fd\u0161ka v kohoutku 45\u201360 cm, hmotnost 23\u201340 kg","attractions":"

Jako v\u011bt\u0161ina ko\u010dkovit\u00fdch \u0161elem \u017eije samot\u00e1\u0159sky. Je aktivn\u00ed hlavn\u011b r\u00e1no a nave\u010der, kdy vych\u00e1z\u00ed na lov. Mimo tuto dobu se ukr\u00fdv\u00e1 v hust\u00e9m podrostu nebo v korun\u00e1ch n\u00edzk\u00fdch strom\u016f.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"obratlovci"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Savci (Mammalia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"14","title":"Tygr sumatersk\u00fd","description":"

\"TygrJe nejmen\u0161\u00edm poddruhem tygra. M\u00e1 syt\u011b zlatav\u00e9 zbarven\u00ed a hust\u00e9 \u00fazk\u00e9 pruhy. Samci maj\u00ed n\u00e1padn\u00e9 b\u011blav\u00e9 licousy.<\/p>","latin_title":"Panthera tigris sumatrae","class":"1","order":{"title":"\u0160elmy (Carnivora)"},"breeding":"

Tygr sumatersk\u00fd pat\u0159\u00ed k tradi\u010dn\u00edm druh\u016fm pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo. Prvn\u00ed samice p\u0159i\u0161la ji\u017e v roce 1958, ov\u0161em o skute\u010dn\u00e9m chovu lze mluvit a\u017e do 60. let. P\u00e1ru Maje (p\u0159\u00edchod 1967) a Rad\u00fazovi 2 (p\u0159\u00edchod 1966) se poda\u0159ilo v roce 1971 odchovat prvn\u00ed dv\u011b ml\u00e1\u010fata v historii zoo \u2013 same\u010dky Adama a Aliho. O druh\u00fd \u00fasp\u011b\u0161n\u00fd odchov se postaral rotterdamsk\u00fd p\u00e1r Mahulena 2 a Gabriel (p\u0159i\u0161li v roce 1968), kdy\u017e v roce 1973 odchovali sami\u010dku Balige. Do roku 2013 bylo v pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo odchov\u00e1no je\u0161t\u011b dal\u0161\u00edch dev\u011bt ml\u00e1\u010fat.<\/p>","reproduction":"Samice je b\u0159ez\u00ed 102\u2212105 dn\u00ed a rod\u00ed 2\u22124 ml\u00e1\u010fata.","food_note":"st\u0159edn\u00ed a v\u011bt\u0161\u00ed obratlovci do velikosti jelena. ","biotopes_note":" mok\u0159ady + travnat\u00e9 oblasti, hust\u00e9 lesy, k\u0159oviny, r\u00e1kosiny, travnat\u00e9 porosty s mo\u017enost\u00ed \u00fakrytu \u2013 a\u017e do v\u00fd\u0161ky 2 600 m n. m. ","spread_note":" Indon\u00e9sk\u00fd ostrov Sumatra ","projects_note":"V \u010cerven\u00e9m seznamu IUCN je veden jako kriticky ohro\u017een\u00fd druh. Populace v p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b nep\u0159esahuje po\u010det 680 jedinc\u016f a je rozdrobena do d\u00edl\u010d\u00edch populac\u00ed, \u010d\u00edtaj\u00edc\u00edch maxim\u00e1ln\u011b 50 tygr\u016f. ","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 1,4 m, d\u00e9lka ocasu 60 cm, v\u00fd\u0161ka v kohoutku 80 cm, hmotnost 65 kg","attractions":"

TYG\u0158I OBECN\u011a: P\u0159edstavovat tygra je asi zbyte\u010dn\u00e9. Je nejv\u011bt\u0161\u00ed dnes \u017eij\u00edc\u00ed ko\u010dkovitou \u0161elmou a ve sv\u00e9m are\u00e1lu (\u017eije pouze v Asii) vytv\u00e1\u0159\u00ed dev\u011bt poddruh\u016f li\u0161\u00edc\u00edch se velikost\u00ed, zbarven\u00edm i znaky na lebce. Z nich t\u0159i jsou pravd\u011bpodobn\u011b ji\u017e vyhubeny \u2013 tygr turansk\u00fd na pevnin\u011b a tygr balijsk\u00fd a j\u00e1vsk\u00fd na stejnojmenn\u00fdch indon\u00e9sk\u00fdch ostrovech. Ostatn\u00ed jsou v r\u016fzn\u00e9 m\u00ed\u0159e ohro\u017eeny vyhuben\u00edm. Pouze tygra indick\u00e9ho lze dnes v p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b po\u010d\u00edtat na tis\u00edce, zb\u00fdvaj\u00edc\u00ed poddruhy p\u0159e\u017e\u00edvaj\u00ed v po\u010dtech des\u00edtek nebo nanejv\u00fd\u0161 stovek jedinc\u016f. Tyg\u0159i byli loveni oded\u00e1vna \u2013 pro ko\u017ee\u0161inu a hlavn\u011b pro nejr\u016fzn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed \u010d\u00e1sti t\u011bla, kter\u00e9 slou\u017eily a slou\u017e\u00ed k v\u00fdrob\u011b tradi\u010dn\u00edch l\u00e9k\u016f nebo amulet\u016f. Tyg\u0159i jsou v\u0161ak zp\u016fsobem \u017eivota i silou a obratnost\u00ed pro \u010dlov\u011bka nesnadnou ko\u0159ist\u00ed, a tak jejich dramatick\u00fd \u00fabytek nastal a\u017e v 19. stolet\u00ed, kdy lovci za\u010dali pou\u017e\u00edvat st\u0159eln\u00e9 zbran\u011b. Tyg\u0159i jsou samot\u00e1\u0159i a p\u0159i toulk\u00e1ch za potravou uraz\u00ed mnoho kilometr\u016f. V\u00fdborn\u011b plavou, r\u00e1di se koupou a dovedou tak\u00e9 \u0161plhat po stromech. Zd\u00e1nliv\u011b kontrastn\u00ed a n\u00e1padn\u00e1 kresba je ve skute\u010dnosti vynikaj\u00edc\u00edm maskov\u00e1n\u00edm, d\u00edky n\u011bmu\u017e tyg\u0159i spl\u00fdvaj\u00ed s mihotav\u00fdmi st\u00edny ve vysok\u00e9 tr\u00e1v\u011b, r\u00e1kos\u00ed nebo lesn\u00edm podrostu. Tyg\u0159ice vod\u00ed ml\u00e1\u010fata a pe\u010duje o n\u011b a\u017e dva roky. V pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo se prvn\u00ed tyg\u0159i objevili u\u017e rok po jej\u00edm otev\u0159en\u00ed. Byl to k\u0159\u00ed\u017eenec tygra ussurijsk\u00e9ho a beng\u00e1lsk\u00e9ho samec Bengali a samice tygra indick\u00e9ho Mitau. Oba poch\u00e1zeli z Hagenbeckova cirkusu. V roce 1933 se v Praze narodila prvn\u00ed dv\u011b tyg\u0159ata. V pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo chov\u00e1me t\u0159i poddruhy tygr\u016f; dlouhou tradici m\u00e1 u n\u00e1s chov tygra ussurijsk\u00e9ho a sumatersk\u00e9ho, naopak tygra malajsk\u00e9ho chov\u00e1me teprve pom\u011brn\u011b kr\u00e1tce.<\/p>\r\n

TYGR SUMATERSK\u00dd: je nejmen\u0161\u00edm poddruhem tygra. Jak napov\u00edd\u00e1 n\u00e1zev, jeho domovinou je stejnojmenn\u00fd indon\u00e9sk\u00fd ostrov. Jako mnoho jin\u00fdch ostrovn\u00edch savc\u016f dopl\u00e1c\u00ed na izolovan\u00fd are\u00e1l. Tygr sumatersk\u00fd je velmi \u00fazce v\u00e1z\u00e1n na souvisl\u00fd tropick\u00fd les a vyh\u00fdb\u00e1 se oblastem, kter\u00e9 jsou p\u0159\u00edli\u0161 v\u00fdrazn\u011b ovliv\u0148ov\u00e1ny lidskou \u010dinnost\u00ed. \u017dije samot\u00e1\u0159sky a velmi skryt\u011b. Pot\u0159ebuje pom\u011brn\u011b velk\u00e9 teritorium, a tak je hustota tygr\u016f na ur\u010dit\u00e9m \u00fazem\u00ed pom\u011brn\u011b n\u00edzk\u00e1.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"obratlovci"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Savci (Mammalia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"15","title":"Tygr malajsk\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Vzhledem se podob\u00e1 tygru indo\u010d\u00ednsk\u00e9mu. Samci jsou v\u011bt\u0161\u00ed a t\u011b\u017e\u0161\u00ed ne\u017e samice.<\/p>","latin_title":"Panthera tigris jacksoni","class":"1","order":{"title":"\u0160elmy (Carnivora)"},"breeding":"

Zoo Praha chov\u00e1 tento poddruh od roku 2006, kdy p\u0159i\u0161la ze zoo v Halle samice Radja. V roce 2007 n\u00e1sledovala samice Banya, kter\u00e1 se narodila rovn\u011b\u017e v Halle. Kone\u010dn\u011b v roce 2008 dorazil i samec Kawi, poch\u00e1zej\u00edc\u00ed z Lok Kawi Wildlife Parku ve st\u00e1t\u011b Sabah (Borneo).<\/p>","reproduction":"samice je b\u0159ez\u00ed 95\u2212105 dn\u00ed a rod\u00ed 1\u22126 ml\u00e1\u010fat.","food_note":"velc\u00ed obratlovci v\u010detn\u011b jelen\u016f, prasat, medv\u011bd\u016f nebo ml\u00e1\u010fat slon\u016f a nosoro\u017ec\u016f ","biotopes_note":"mok\u0159ady, savany ","spread_note":"ji\u017en\u00ed a st\u0159edn\u00ed \u010d\u00e1st Malajsk\u00e9ho poloostrova ","projects_note":"Ve voln\u00e9 p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b \u017eije odhadem posledn\u00edch 250 dosp\u011bl\u00fdch jedinc\u016f, proto jsou velmi d\u016fle\u017eit\u00e9 z\u00e1lo\u017en\u00ed chovy v lidsk\u00e9 p\u00e9\u010di. ","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 1,8\u22122,9 m, d\u00e9lka ocasu 65\u221280 cm, v\u00fd\u0161ka v kohoutku 60\u2212110 cm, hmotnost 24\u2212121 kg","attractions":"

Tygr malajsk\u00fd byl v\u011bdou rozpozn\u00e1n jako samostatn\u00fd poddruh teprve v roce 2004. Do t\u00e9 doby byl pova\u017eov\u00e1n za formu toto\u017enou s tygrem indo\u010d\u00ednsk\u00fdm. P\u0159edstavovat tygra je asi zbyte\u010dn\u00e9. Je nejv\u011bt\u0161\u00ed dnes \u017eij\u00edc\u00ed ko\u010dkovitou \u0161elmou a ve sv\u00e9m are\u00e1lu (\u017eije pouze v Asii) vytv\u00e1\u0159\u00ed dev\u011bt poddruh\u016f li\u0161\u00edc\u00edch se velikost\u00ed, zbarven\u00edm i znaky na lebce. Z nich t\u0159i jsou ji\u017e vyhubeny \u2013 tygr turansk\u00fd na pevnin\u011b a tygr balijsk\u00fd a j\u00e1vsk\u00fd na stejnojmenn\u00fdch indon\u00e9sk\u00fdch ostrovech. Dal\u0161\u00ed, tygr \u010d\u00ednsk\u00fd, pak ji\u017e z\u0159ejm\u011b p\u0159ez\u00edv\u00e1 jen v lidsk\u00e9 p\u00e9\u010di. Ostatn\u00ed jsou v r\u016fzn\u00e9 m\u00ed\u0159e ohro\u017eeny vyhuben\u00edm. Tyg\u0159i byli loveni oded\u00e1vna \u2013 pro ko\u017ee\u0161inu a hlavn\u011b pro nejr\u016fzn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed \u010d\u00e1sti t\u011bla, kter\u00e9 slou\u017eily a slou\u017e\u00ed k v\u00fdrob\u011b tradi\u010dn\u00edch l\u00e9k\u016f nebo amulet\u016f. Zp\u016fsobem \u017eivota i silou a obratnost\u00ed jsou v\u0161ak pro \u010dlov\u011bka nesnadnou ko\u0159ist\u00ed, a tak jejich dramatick\u00fd \u00fabytek nastal a\u017e v 19. stolet\u00ed, kdy lovci za\u010dali pou\u017e\u00edvat st\u0159eln\u00e9 zbran\u011b. Jsou to samot\u00e1\u0159i a p\u0159i toulk\u00e1ch za potravou uraz\u00ed mnoho kilometr\u016f. V\u00fdborn\u011b plavou, r\u00e1di se koupou a dovedou tak\u00e9 \u0161plhat po stromech. Zd\u00e1nliv\u011b kontrastn\u00ed a n\u00e1padn\u00e1 kresba je ve skute\u010dnosti vynikaj\u00edc\u00edm maskov\u00e1n\u00edm, d\u00edky n\u011bmu\u017e \u0161elmy spl\u00fdvaj\u00ed s mihotav\u00fdmi st\u00edny ve vysok\u00e9 tr\u00e1v\u011b, r\u00e1kos\u00ed nebo lesn\u00edm podrostu. Tyg\u0159ice vod\u00ed ml\u00e1\u010fata a pe\u010duje o n\u011b a\u017e dva roky.<\/p>\r\n

{module Video Youtube pro tygr malajsk\u00fd}<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"obratlovci"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Savci (Mammalia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"16","title":"\u010cukvala zavalit\u00e1","description":"

\"Foto:Vzhledem trochu p\u0159ipom\u00edn\u00e1 varany \u2013 nem\u00e1 h\u0159betn\u00ed h\u0159eben, je zavalit\u00e1 a po stran\u00e1ch krku a b\u0159icha m\u00e1 voln\u00e9 ko\u017en\u00ed z\u00e1hyby. Zbarven\u00ed se m\u011bn\u00ed podle pohlav\u00ed a v\u011bku. Dosp\u011bl\u00ed samci m\u00edvaj\u00ed \u010dernou hlavu a p\u0159edn\u00ed nohy, zat\u00edmco t\u011blo m\u016f\u017ee b\u00fdt \u017elut\u00e9, \u010derven\u00e9, \u0161ed\u00e9 nebo \u010dern\u00e9. Samice jsou vybarven\u00e9 m\u00e9n\u011b v\u00fdrazn\u011b.<\/p>","latin_title":"Sauromalus obesus","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Existuje sice z\u00e1znam o 1 exempl\u00e1\u0159i v roce 1974, ale chov za\u010dal v roce 2004, kdy p\u0159i\u0161lo 5 jedinc\u016f, z toho \u010dty\u0159i z p\u0159\u00edrody. Je\u0161t\u011b t\u00e9ho\u017e roku se \u010dukvaly za\u010daly rozmno\u017eovat a do konce roku 2013 se vyl\u00edhlo 111 ml\u00e1\u010fat.<\/p>","reproduction":"po\u010det vajec 4\u201314, inkubace trv\u00e1 72\u201393 dny.","food_note":"listy, kv\u011bty, spadan\u00e9 plody i dal\u0161\u00ed \u010d\u00e1sti pou\u0161tn\u00edch rostlin, jen ob\u010das ulov\u00ed drobn\u00e9 bezobratl\u00e9. ","biotopes_note":"kamenit\u00e9 pou\u0161t\u011b ","spread_note":"jihoz\u00e1pad USA a severn\u00ed Mexiko ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 28\u201343 cm, z toho d\u00e9lka ocasu min. 50 %, hmotnost a\u017e 350 g","attractions":"

\r\n

\u010cukvaly jsou b\u00fdlo\u017erav\u00ed pou\u0161tn\u00ed legu\u00e1ni, vyskytuj\u00edc\u00ed se v n\u011bkolika druz\u00edch v\u00fdhradn\u011b na jihu Severn\u00ed Ameriky. Z\u00e1kladem jejich j\u00eddeln\u00ed\u010dku jsou r\u016fzn\u00e9 byliny, miluj\u00ed pou\u0161tn\u00ed kv\u011bty a jen ob\u010das ulov\u00ed drobn\u00e9 bezobratl\u00e9. \u010cukvala je denn\u00ed je\u0161t\u011br skv\u011ble p\u0159izp\u016fsoben\u00fd pou\u0161tn\u00edm podm\u00ednk\u00e1m. Chladn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed obdob\u00ed p\u0159e\u010dk\u00e1v\u00e1 ve stavu strnulosti. Hladk\u00e9 ploch\u00e9 t\u011blo a ohebnou p\u00e1te\u0159 j\u00ed umo\u017e\u0148uj\u00ed bleskov\u011b uniknout p\u0159ed pred\u00e1tory do skaln\u00edch puklin. V nich se pot\u00e9 nafoukne a zakl\u00edn\u00ed. V dob\u011b n\u00e1mluv (duben a\u017e \u010dervenec) se samci st\u00e1vaj\u00ed do\u010dasn\u011b teritori\u00e1ln\u00ed a vznik\u00e1 mezi nimi spole\u010densk\u00e1 hierarchie zalo\u017een\u00e1 na celkov\u00e9 velikosti. Samice kladou vejce v\u011bt\u0161inou jednou za dva roky a zahrab\u00e1vaj\u00ed je do p\u016fdy.<\/p>\r\n<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"pou\u0161\u0165 a polopou\u0161\u0165"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Severn\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"17","title":"Legu\u00e1nek modrav\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Typick\u00e9 je ploch\u00e9 t\u011blo s nohama \u0161iroce rozkro\u010den\u00fdma, co\u017e je p\u0159izp\u016fsoben\u00ed pohybu po roz\u017ehaven\u00e9m povrchu. M\u00e1 modrou hlavu a namodralou svrchn\u00ed stranu ocasu, \u017elut\u00fd krk s modr\u00fdmi skvrnami a b\u00edlou a \u010dernou kresbu. V dob\u011b n\u00e1mluv u obou pohlav\u00ed je zbarven\u00ed je\u0161t\u011b v\u00fdrazn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed.<\/p>","latin_title":"Petrosaurus thalassinus","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Legu\u00e1nky modrav\u00e9 chov\u00e1me od roku 2008 a \u00fasp\u011b\u0161n\u011b je rozmno\u017eujeme.<\/p>","reproduction":"samice klade 4\u221218 vajec, inkubace trv\u00e1 asi 60 dn\u00ed","food_note":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin + plody, drobn\u00ed \u017eivo\u010dichov\u00e9, plody, pupeny a dal\u0161\u00ed \u010d\u00e1sti rostlin ","biotopes_note":"vyhled\u00e1v\u00e1 kamenit\u00e1 m\u00edsta v bl\u00edzkosti pou\u0161tn\u00ed vegetace ","spread_note":"skalnat\u00e9 such\u00e9 oblasti Severn\u00ed a St\u0159edn\u00ed Ameriky ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 9\u221216 cm, d\u00e9lka ocasu 12\u221218 cm","attractions":"

LEGU\u00c1NCI OBECN\u011a: pod pojem legu\u00e1nek zahrnujeme n\u011bkolik rod\u016f drobn\u00fdch p\u0159\u00edbuzn\u00fdch legu\u00e1n\u016f, kte\u0159\u00ed d\u00e1vaj\u00ed sp\u00ed\u0161e p\u0159ednost \u017eivo\u010di\u0161n\u00e9 potrav\u011b a nemaj\u00ed h\u0159betn\u00ed h\u0159eben. Jejich domovem jsou p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm such\u00e9 oblasti Severn\u00ed a St\u0159edn\u00ed Ameriky a mnoz\u00ed z nich pat\u0159\u00ed na pou\u0161t\u00edch z\u00e1padu USA k jedn\u011bm z nejhojn\u011bj\u0161\u00edch druh\u016f. V pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo spat\u0159\u00edte n\u011bkolik druh\u016f legu\u00e1nk\u016f pohromad\u011b v ter\u00e1riu Sonora v Pavilonu ko\u010dkovit\u00fdch \u0161elem. <\/p>\r\n

LEGU\u00c1NEK MODRAV\u00dd: velmi obratn\u011b \u0161plh\u00e1 po skal\u00e1ch, dokonce i po kolm\u00fdch st\u011bn\u00e1ch, a to bez pot\u00ed\u017e\u00ed i hlavou dol\u016f. Sv\u00e9 soupe\u0159e zastra\u0161uje pokyvov\u00e1n\u00edm hlavou, nap\u00edn\u00e1n\u00edm k\u016f\u017ee na krku a zvl\u00e1\u0161tn\u00edmi hrdeln\u00edmi zvuky.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"pou\u0161\u0165 a polopou\u0161\u0165"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Severn\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"20","title":"Ara hyacintov\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Jedn\u00e1 se o nejv\u011bt\u0161\u00ed druh papou\u0161ka na sv\u011bt\u011b. M\u00e1 kobaltov\u011b modr\u00e9 pe\u0159\u00ed, mohutn\u00fd \u010dern\u00fd zob\u00e1k, z\u00e1\u0159iv\u011b \u017elut\u00fd lys\u00fd o\u010dn\u00ed krou\u017eek a pole u doln\u00ed \u010delisti zob\u00e1ku. Samec se od samice neli\u0161\u00ed ani velikost\u00ed, ani vzhledem. Ml\u00e1\u010fata maj\u00ed oproti dosp\u011bl\u00fdm o n\u011bco krat\u0161\u00ed ocas.<\/p>","latin_title":"Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus","class":"7","order":{"title":"Papou\u0161ci (Psittaciformes)"},"breeding":"

Prvn\u00ed arov\u00e9 hyacintov\u00ed se v pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo objevili ji\u017e v r. 1951, jednalo se v\u0161ak pouze o tranzit a n\u00e1v\u0161t\u011bvn\u00edci je obdivovat nemohli. Dal\u0161\u00ed trojice \u017eila v zoo v letech 1978\u22121990. Pot\u00e9 nastala p\u0159est\u00e1vka a do zoo se tito kr\u00e1sn\u00ed papou\u0161ci vr\u00e1tili a\u017e v r. 2010.<\/p>","reproduction":"Samice sn\u00e1\u0161\u00ed 2 vejce, ale jen jedno ml\u00e1d\u011b b\u00fdv\u00e1 odchov\u00e1no. Inkubace trv\u00e1 27\u201330 dn\u016f.","food_note":"plody osmi druh\u016f palem, p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm tvrd\u00e9 o\u0159echy","biotopes_note":"galeriov\u00e9 lesy a lesnat\u00e1 savana","spread_note":"jih St\u0159edn\u00ed Ameriky a\u017e polovina Ji\u017en\u00ed Ameriky, p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm Amazonie","projects_note":"V \u010cerven\u00e9m seznamu IUCN je za\u0159azen jako ohro\u017een\u00fd druh, a to p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm v d\u016fsledku \u00fabytku p\u0159irozen\u00fdch biotop\u016f (je potravn\u011b v\u00e1z\u00e1n jen na osm druh\u016f palem) i odchytu \u017eiv\u00fdch pt\u00e1k\u016f.","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 95-100 cm, z toho nejm\u00e9n\u011b polovinu tvo\u0159\u00ed ocas, hmotnost 1 200-1 700 g","attractions":"

\u017dije v trval\u00fdch p\u00e1rech. Partne\u0159i si neust\u00e1le prokazuj\u00ed pozornost a dorozum\u00edvaj\u00ed se hlasem i vz\u00e1jemnou p\u00e9\u010d\u00ed o pe\u0159\u00ed. V dob\u011b hlavn\u00ed aktivity, co\u017e je r\u00e1no a pozd\u011b odpoledne, se n\u011bkdy sdru\u017euj\u00ed do skupinek do 10 jedinc\u016f a spole\u010dn\u011b zal\u00e9taj\u00ed ke zdroji potravy. Na noc se p\u00e1ry vracej\u00ed na sv\u016fj obl\u00edben\u00fd odpo\u010dinkov\u00fd strom. Potravu si hledaj\u00ed p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm na zemi, i kdy\u017e dovedou obratn\u011b \u0161plhat a dok\u00e1\u017eou \u201eskl\u00edzet\u201c palmov\u00e9 plody i vysoko v korun\u00e1ch. Pat\u0159\u00ed k v\u00fdznamn\u00fdm \u0161i\u0159itel\u016fm semen. Hn\u00edzd\u00ed ve stromov\u00fdch dutin\u00e1ch nebo v p\u0159\u00edhodn\u00fdch puklin\u00e1ch na skaln\u00edch \u00fatesech. Na vejc\u00edch sed\u00ed samice, zat\u00edmco j\u00ed samec nos\u00ed potravu a krm\u00ed ji. Ml\u00e1d\u011b z\u016fst\u00e1v\u00e1 s rodi\u010di 18 m\u011bs\u00edc\u016f. Dosp\u00edvaj\u00ed v 6-10 letech, do\u017e\u00edvaj\u00ed se pr\u016fm\u011brn\u011b 50 let.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Ji\u017en\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Pt\u00e1ci (Aves)"},"localities":{"title":"Doln\u00ed \u010d\u00e1st zoo","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/areal\/8660-dolni-cast-arealu"}},{"id":"19","title":"Antilopa vran\u00e1","description":"

\"AntilopaTato mohutn\u00e1 antilopa pat\u0159\u00ed do skupiny p\u0159\u00edmoro\u017ec\u016f. M\u00e1 dlouh\u00e9, ostr\u00e9 rohy (u samic jsou o n\u011bco krat\u0161\u00ed a slab\u0161\u00ed ne\u017e u samc\u016f) zahnut\u00e9 do oblouku, kter\u00e9 mohou dosahovat d\u00e9lky a\u017e 1,6 m. Dosp\u011bl\u00ed samci maj\u00ed t\u00e9m\u011b\u0159 \u010dern\u00e9 (\u201evran\u00e9\u201c) zbarven\u00ed. Typick\u00e9 je strm\u00e9 \u010delo, obvykle b\u00edl\u00e9 b\u0159icho a ob\u0159itek a kontrastn\u00ed kresba na hlav\u011b. Z\u00e1kladem spole\u010densk\u00e9ho uspo\u0159\u00e1d\u00e1n\u00ed jsou skupinky dosp\u011bl\u00fdch samic veden\u00e9 jedn\u00edm samcem.<\/p>","latin_title":"Hippotragus niger","class":"1","order":{"title":"Sudokopytn\u00edci (Artiodactyla)"},"breeding":"

Zoo Praha chov\u00e1 antilopy vran\u00e9 od roku 1970, kdy p\u0159i\u0161lo prvn\u00ed trio p\u0159\u00edmo z p\u0159\u00edrody. Prvn\u00ed ml\u00e1d\u011b se narodilo hned v n\u00e1sleduj\u00edc\u00edm roce a do roku 2014 jich bylo celkem 113.<\/p>","reproduction":"b\u0159ezost 281\u2013291 den, po\u010det ml\u00e1\u010fat 1 ","food_note":"tr\u00e1va, listy, v\u00fdhonky","biotopes_note":"stromov\u00e1 savana, bu\u0161","spread_note":"ji\u017en\u00ed a v\u00fdchodn\u00ed Afrika, od v\u00fdchodn\u00ed Keni po Jihoaffrickou republiku","projects_note":"Poddruh H. niger variani je pova\u017eov\u00e1n za ohro\u017een\u00fd v d\u016fsledku ub\u00fdv\u00e1n\u00ed p\u0159irozen\u00e9ho prost\u0159ed\u00ed, ostatn\u00ed poddruhy jsou za\u0159azeny v kategorii m\u00e9n\u011b ohro\u017een\u00fd.","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 1,9\u20132,5 m, d\u00e9lka ocasu 40\u201375 cm, v\u00fd\u0161ka v kohoutku 115\u2013140 cm, hmotnost 150\u2013270 kg","attractions":"

Ob\u00fdvaj\u00ed ur\u010dit\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed, teritorium, kter\u00e9 samec zna\u010dkuje a h\u00e1j\u00ed. Obdob\u00ed \u0159\u00edje se u jednotliv\u00fdch populac\u00ed li\u0161\u00ed, aby k porod\u016fm doch\u00e1zelo v\u017edy v dob\u011b nejv\u011bt\u0161\u00ed hojnosti potravy. Ml\u00e1\u010fata se rod\u00ed b\u00e9\u017eov\u00e1 a v prvn\u00edch dnech le\u017e\u00ed nehybn\u011b sto\u010den\u00e1 ve vysok\u00e9 tr\u00e1v\u011b, aby unikla pozornosti pred\u00e1tor\u016f. Tak\u00e9 matka se prvn\u00ed t\u00fdden po porodu dr\u017e\u00ed stranou a dohl\u00ed\u017e\u00ed na ml\u00e1d\u011b. Ve sv\u00e9 domovin\u011b vytv\u00e1\u0159\u00ed antilopa vran\u00e1 n\u011bkolik poddruh\u016f, z nich\u017e jeden je pova\u017eov\u00e1n za kriticky ohro\u017een\u00fd. V pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo chov\u00e1me tyto p\u0159ita\u017eliv\u00e9 antilopy od roku 1970. <\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"travnat\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Afrika"},"classes":{"title":"Savci (Mammalia)"},"localities":{"title":"Horn\u00ed \u010d\u00e1st zoo","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/areal\/8661-horni-cast-arealu"}},{"id":"22","title":"Ara Lear\u016fv","description":"

\"Foto:Tento velk\u00fd papou\u0161ek s typicky dlouh\u00fdm ocasem m\u00e1 kovov\u011b leskl\u00e9 modr\u00e9 pe\u0159\u00ed, m\u00edsty s n\u00e1dechem dozelena. O\u010dn\u00ed krou\u017eek a lysina u ko\u0159en\u011b zob\u00e1ku jsou \u017elut\u00e9. Samec a samice jsou zbarveni stejn\u011b.<\/p>","latin_title":"Anodorhynchus leari","class":"7","order":{"title":"Papou\u0161ci (Psittaciformes)"},"breeding":"

T\u0159i arov\u00e9 jsou zat\u00edm v chovn\u00e9m z\u00e1zem\u00ed, n\u00e1v\u0161t\u011bvn\u00edk\u016fm se p\u0159edstav\u00ed v dokon\u010dovan\u00e9m R\u00e1kosov\u011b pavilonu.<\/p>\r\n

<\/span><\/p>","reproduction":"Samice sn\u00e1\u0161\u00ed 1\u20132 vejce, doba inkubace je 28 dn\u00ed.","food_note":"p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm o\u0159echy, tak\u00e9 m\u011bkk\u00e9 plody, v\u00fdhonky, pupeny","biotopes_note":"k\u0159ovinat\u00e9 porosty typu caatinga s ostr\u016fvky arekovc\u016f (takzvan\u00fdch palem licur\u00ed) a dal\u0161\u00edch vysok\u00fdch strom\u016f ","spread_note":"mal\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed na SV st\u00e1tu Bah\u00eda v Braz\u00edlii","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka 75 cm, hmotnost 940 g","attractions":"

AROV\u00c9 OBECN\u011a: Arov\u00e9 jsou v\u011bt\u0161inou velc\u00ed papou\u0161ci, s nimi\u017e se setk\u00e1me pouze v Ji\u017en\u00ed a St\u0159edn\u00ed Americe. Obecn\u011b rozezn\u00e1v\u00e1me \u0161est rod\u016f a 19 druh\u016f v\u010detn\u011b kriticky ohro\u017een\u00fdch, \u010di dokonce ji\u017e vyhuben\u00fdch. Typick\u00fd je pro n\u011b dlouh\u00fd ocas, mohutn\u00fd zob\u00e1k a lysinka kolem o\u010d\u00ed. Zob\u00e1kem se dob\u00fdvaj\u00ed do velmi tvrd\u00fdch o\u0159ech\u016f a nen\u00ed divu, \u017ee hrav\u011b p\u0159e\u0161t\u00edpnou i pom\u011brn\u011b siln\u00fd dr\u00e1t a porad\u00ed si i s nejhou\u017eevnat\u011bj\u0161\u00edm d\u0159evem. Hn\u00edzd\u00ed v dutin\u00e1ch, o potomky pe\u010duj\u00ed oba rodi\u010de. Arov\u00e9 v z\u00e1padn\u00ed Amazonii jsou zn\u00e1m\u00ed t\u00edm, \u017ee pravideln\u011b l\u00e9taj\u00ed na obna\u017een\u00e9 hlinit\u00e9 svahy a polykaj\u00ed j\u00edl. P\u016fvodn\u011b se myslelo, \u017ee tak neutralizuj\u00ed toxiny, kter\u00e9 mohou b\u00fdt obsa\u017een\u00e9 v plodech \u010di semenech, ale zd\u00e1 se, \u017ee to nen\u00ed tak jednozna\u010dn\u00e9 a \u017ee pt\u00e1ci j\u00edl vyu\u017e\u00edvaj\u00ed jako zdroj sod\u00edku. <\/p>\r\n

ARA LEAR\u016eV: Je to ohro\u017een\u00fd druh ze severov\u00fdchodn\u00ed Braz\u00edlie. Poprv\u00e9 ho popsal Napoleon\u016fv synovec Lucien Bonaparte podle kresby britsk\u00e9ho b\u00e1sn\u00edka Edwarda Laera. V polovin\u011b 20. stolet\u00ed byl pova\u017eov\u00e1n za vyhynul\u00e9ho v p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b, ale v roce 1978 p\u0159\u00edrodov\u011bdec Helmut Sick objevil jeho populaci v p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b. Hn\u00edzd\u00ed v koloni\u00edch v p\u00edskovcov\u00fdch st\u011bn\u00e1ch, v nich\u017e hloub\u00ed dutiny nebo vyu\u017e\u00edv\u00e1 p\u0159irozen\u00e9 pukliny.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Ji\u017en\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Pt\u00e1ci (Aves)"},"localities":{"title":"Doln\u00ed \u010d\u00e1st zoo","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/areal\/8660-dolni-cast-arealu"}},{"id":"24","title":"Legu\u00e1nek ostnit\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Jm\u00e9no dostal podle \u0161upin, kter\u00e9 vyb\u00edhaj\u00ed do \u0161pi\u010dky a uprost\u0159ed jsou vyklenut\u00e9. Vytv\u00e1\u0159\u00ed r\u016fzn\u00e9 barevn\u00e9 formy, od hn\u011bdav\u00fdch po modrozelen\u00e9, v\u0161echny v\u0161ak maj\u00ed na krku tmav\u00fd obojek.<\/p>","latin_title":"Sceloporus magister","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Chov tohoto druhu za\u010dal v roce 2004 v souvislosti s otev\u0159en\u00edm pavilonu Afrika zbl\u00edzka. O jeho \u00fasp\u011b\u0161nosti sv\u011bd\u010d\u00ed v\u00edce ne\u017e 400 vyl\u00edhl\u00fdch ml\u00e1\u010fat. um\u00edst\u011bn\u00ed<\/p>","reproduction":"klade 2\u201319 vajec, inkuba\u010dn\u00ed doba trv\u00e1 55\u201377 dn\u00ed","food_note":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin, drobn\u00ed \u017eivo\u010dichov\u00e9 (hlavn\u011b hmyz), plody, pupeny a dal\u0161\u00ed \u010d\u00e1sti rostlin ","biotopes_note":"pou\u0161t\u011b, kamenit\u00e9 polopou\u0161t\u011b s roztrou\u0161en\u00fdmi ke\u0159i ","spread_note":"such\u00e9 oblasti na jihoz\u00e1pad\u011b Severn\u00ed a na severu St\u0159edn\u00ed Ameriky","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka 18\u201330 cm, z toho v\u00edce ne\u017e \u00bd tvo\u0159\u00ed ocas, hmotnost 50 g","attractions":"

LEGU\u00c1NCI OBECN\u011a: pod pojem legu\u00e1nek zahrnujeme n\u011bkolik rod\u016f drobn\u00fdch p\u0159\u00edbuzn\u00fdch legu\u00e1n\u016f, kte\u0159\u00ed d\u00e1vaj\u00ed sp\u00ed\u0161e p\u0159ednost \u017eivo\u010di\u0161n\u00e9 potrav\u011b a nemaj\u00ed h\u0159betn\u00ed h\u0159eben. Jejich domovem jsou p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm such\u00e9 oblasti Severn\u00ed a St\u0159edn\u00ed Ameriky a mnoz\u00ed z nich pat\u0159\u00ed na pou\u0161t\u00edch z\u00e1padu USA k jedn\u011bm z nejhojn\u011bj\u0161\u00edch druh\u016f. V pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo spat\u0159\u00edte n\u011bkolik druh\u016f legu\u00e1nk\u016f pohromad\u011b v ter\u00e1riu Sonora v Pavilonu ko\u010dkovit\u00fdch \u0161elem. <\/p>\r\n

LEGU\u00c1NEK OSTNIT\u00dd: Dovede velmi dob\u0159e \u0161plhat po sk\u00e1l\u00e1ch i po ke\u0159\u00edch a stromech. Samice sn\u00e1\u0161\u00ed vejce i n\u011bkolikr\u00e1t za sezonu.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"pou\u0161\u0165 a polopou\u0161\u0165"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Severn\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"26","title":"\u017delva texask\u00e1 (= Berlandierova)","description":"

\"Foto:Svrchn\u00ed \u010d\u00e1st krun\u00fd\u0159e (karapax) je hn\u011bdav\u00e1 se sv\u011btlej\u0161\u00ed kresbou a n\u00e1padn\u00fdmi r\u00fdhami. Plastron je \u017elut\u00fd. Hlava je kl\u00ednovit\u00e1, se \u0161pi\u010dat\u00fdm \u010denichem, a stejn\u011b jako nohy a ocas je \u017elutav\u00e1. Samec m\u00e1 oproti samici prot\u00e1hlej\u0161\u00ed karapax a lehce vydut\u00fd plastron.<\/p>","latin_title":"Gopherus berlandieri","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u017delvy (Chelonia)"},"breeding":"

Chov\u00e1me je od roku 2007, prvn\u00ed ml\u00e1\u010fata se vyl\u00edhla v roce 2010. Rozmno\u017eili jsme ji jako prvn\u00ed zoo v Evrop\u011b.<\/p>","reproduction":"samice klade 1\u22125 vajec, inkubace trv\u00e1 asi 88\u2212118 dn\u00ed","food_note":"tr\u00e1va, byliny a sukulentn\u00ed rostliny v\u010detn\u011b plod\u016f kaktus\u016f, p\u0159\u00edle\u017eitostn\u011b bezobratl\u00ed, kosti a zdechliny","biotopes_note":" travnat\u00e1 \u00fazem\u00ed, such\u00e9 travnat\u00e9 a k\u0159ovinat\u00e9 a\u017e polopou\u0161tn\u00ed oblasti ","spread_note":" ji\u017en\u00ed Texas a severov\u00fdchodn\u00ed Mexiko ","projects_note":"Pat\u0159\u00ed k chr\u00e1n\u011bn\u00fdm druh\u016fm st\u00e1tu Texas. ","proportions":"d\u00e9lka karapaxu 20\u221224 cm","attractions":"

\u017dELVY OBECN\u011a: \u017delvy jsou starobyl\u00ed plazi, kte\u0159\u00ed se na Zemi objevili p\u0159ed 220 miliony lety, tedy v dob\u011b, kdy zde vl\u00e1dli dinosau\u0159i. Od t\u00e9 doby se nijak v\u00fdrazn\u011b nezm\u011bnil ani jejich vzhled, ani zp\u016fsob \u017eivota. O jejich anatomii, fyziologii i chov\u00e1n\u00ed bylo naps\u00e1no mnoho, a p\u0159ece jsou ob\u010das pro \u010dlov\u011bka z\u00e1hadou. Pro v\u0161echny druhy je typick\u00fd krun\u00fd\u0159 skl\u00e1daj\u00edc\u00ed se z horn\u00edho karapaxu a spodn\u00edho plastronu, kter\u00fd je p\u0159irostl\u00fd k \u010d\u00e1sti kostry. U suchozemsk\u00fdch \u017eelv je tvrd\u00fd a v\u011bt\u0161inou vyklenut\u00fd.<\/p>\r\n

Krom\u011b krun\u00fd\u0159e se v\u0161ak \u017eelvy mohou pochlubit i dal\u0161\u00edmi zvl\u00e1\u0161tnostmi. Nemaj\u00ed zuby, ale okraje jejich \u010delist\u00ed jsou tak tvrd\u00e9 a ostr\u00e9, \u017ee si porad\u00ed nejen s tuh\u00fdmi plody, ale v p\u0159\u00edpad\u011b n\u011bkter\u00fdch druh\u016f i s kostmi. Zna\u010dn\u00e1 vytrvalost a odolnost \u017eelv souvis\u00ed s jejich schopnost\u00ed vyrovnat se s vysokou koncentrac\u00ed kyseliny ml\u00e9\u010dn\u00e9 ve svalech. V\u0161echny \u017eelvy jsou vejcorod\u00e9, vejce kladou na sou\u0161i a o sn\u016f\u0161ku nepe\u010duj\u00ed. Mnoh\u00e9 druhy putuj\u00ed na kladi\u0161t\u011b na velk\u00e9 vzd\u00e1lenosti a vyu\u017e\u00edvaj\u00ed stejn\u00e1 m\u00edsta po tis\u00edce let.<\/p>\r\n

\u017dELVA TEXASK\u00c1: Tato \u017eelva ob\u00fdv\u00e1 such\u00e9 k\u0159ovinat\u00e9 oblasti Severn\u00ed Ameriky. M\u00e1 r\u00e1da sukulenty, obzvl\u00e1\u0161t\u011b plody opunci\u00ed, kter\u00e9 tvo\u0159\u00ed sou\u010d\u00e1st jej\u00edho p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b rostlinn\u00e9ho j\u00eddeln\u00ed\u010dku. Pat\u0159\u00ed mezi \u010dty\u0159i druhy takzvan\u00fdch \u017eelv my\u0161\u00edch, kter\u00e9 si hloub\u00ed dlouh\u00e9 nory. Je z nich v tomto ohledu nejm\u00e9n\u011b zdatn\u00e1, vyhrab\u00e1v\u00e1 si jen m\u011blk\u00e9 br\u00e1zdy nebo k odpo\u010dinku vyu\u017e\u00edv\u00e1 nory jin\u00fdch zv\u00ed\u0159at. Je aktivn\u00ed ve dne. Nejchladn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed a nejteplej\u0161\u00ed obdob\u00ed v roce tr\u00e1v\u00ed ve stavu strnulosti ve vhodn\u00e9m \u00fakrytu. Samci se v dob\u011b n\u00e1mluv p\u0159etla\u010duj\u00ed pomoc\u00ed v\u00fdr\u016fstku na p\u0159edn\u00edm okraji plastronu (spodn\u00ed \u010d\u00e1st krun\u00fd\u0159e).<\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"travnat\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Severn\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon velk\u00fdch \u017eelv","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/5813-pavilon-velkych-zelv"}},{"id":"25","title":"Legu\u00e1novec obojkov\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Pat\u0159\u00ed do skupiny men\u0161\u00edch druh\u016f legu\u00e1n\u016f bez h\u0159betn\u00edho h\u0159ebene. Samci jsou pest\u0159e zbarven\u00ed s p\u0159eva\u017euj\u00edc\u00edmi modrozelen\u00fdmi t\u00f3ny, samice jsou sp\u00ed\u0161e hn\u011bdav\u00e9. Ob\u011b pohlav\u00ed maj\u00ed z\u00e1kladn\u00ed barvu t\u011bla prolo\u017eenou drobn\u00fdmi te\u010dkami, mezi kter\u00fdmi vystupuj\u00ed u b\u0159ez\u00edch samic n\u00e1padn\u00e9 \u010derven\u00e9 skvrnky. Pro ob\u011b pohlav\u00ed je tak\u00e9 typick\u00fd dvojit\u00fd tmav\u00fd obojek na krku.<\/p>","latin_title":"Crotaphytus collaris","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Legu\u00e1novci p\u0159i\u0161li do zoo v roce 2003 a nejprve os\u00eddlili jednu z expozic v pavilonu Afrika zbl\u00edzka. Pozd\u011bji byli p\u0159em\u00edst\u011bni do ter\u00e1ria v Pavilonu ko\u010dkovit\u00fdch \u0161elem. V zoo se do konce roku 2013 vyl\u00edhlo v\u00edce ne\u017e 150 ml\u00e1\u010fat.<\/p>","reproduction":"po\u010det vajec 2\u201313, inkubace trv\u00e1 45\u201386 dn\u00ed","food_note":"mal\u00ed obratlovci, bezobratl\u00ed","biotopes_note":"","spread_note":"","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 10\u201320 cm, d\u00e9lka ocasu 10\u201315 cm, hmotnost 40 g","attractions":"

Je vysloven\u011b teplomiln\u00fd a dok\u00e1\u017ee se pohybovat po skal\u00e1ch rozp\u00e1len\u00fdch na 60 \u00b0C. Aktivn\u00ed je i b\u011bhem nej\u017ehav\u011bj\u0161\u00edch denn\u00edch hodin, kdy lov\u00ed r\u016fzn\u011b velkou ko\u0159ist v\u010detn\u011b jin\u00fdch plaz\u016f, velk\u00fdch t\u00e9m\u011b\u0159 jako on s\u00e1m. Aby se ochladil na roz\u017ehaven\u00e9 kamenit\u00e9 p\u016fd\u011b, zved\u00e1 st\u0159\u00eddav\u011b nohy, tak\u017ee stoj\u00ed v\u017edy jen na dvou. V p\u0159\u00edpad\u011b nebezpe\u010d\u00ed se dok\u00e1\u017ee vzty\u010dit a prchat jen po zadn\u00edch nohou podobn\u011b jako bazili\u0161kov\u00e9 nebo anolisov\u00e9. Samci \u010dasto pob\u00fdvaj\u00ed na vyv\u00fd\u0161en\u00e9m kameni, odkud maj\u00ed dokonal\u00fd p\u0159ehled o cel\u00e9m sv\u00e9m \u00fazem\u00ed. P\u0159i n\u00e1mluv\u00e1ch, ale tak\u00e9 na obranu sv\u00e9ho \u00fazem\u00ed p\u0159ed konkuren\u010dn\u00edmi samci, se uchyluj\u00ed k n\u00e1padn\u00fdm pohyb\u016fm a postoj\u016fm t\u011bla \u2013 d\u011blaj\u00ed kliky, hrb\u00ed h\u0159bet do vysok\u00e9ho oblouku a vydouvaj\u00ed hrdlo.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"pou\u0161\u0165 a polopou\u0161\u0165"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Severn\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"27","title":"Agama stepn\u00ed","description":"

\"Foto:M\u00e1 pom\u011brn\u011b velkou hlavu a m\u00edrn\u011b zplo\u0161t\u011bl\u00e9 t\u011blo. Svrchu je hn\u011bdav\u00e1 a\u017e \u0161edohn\u011bd\u00e1, zespodu b\u011blav\u00e1. Samci se p\u0159i vzru\u0161en\u00ed barv\u00ed spodina t\u011bla do syt\u011b modr\u00e9 a\u017e \u0161edo\u010dern\u00e9 barvy. Ob\u011b pohlav\u00ed dok\u00e1\u017eou m\u011bnit zbarven\u00ed podle teploty okol\u00ed a podle fyziologick\u00e9ho stavu.<\/p>","latin_title":"Trapelus sanguinolentus","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Jedna agama stepn\u00ed sice pro\u0161la pra\u017eskou zoo v roce 1951, ale soustavn\u00fd chov za\u010dal a\u017e v roce 2012, kdy se tak\u00e9 vyl\u00edhla prvn\u00ed ml\u00e1\u010fata.<\/p>","reproduction":"samice klade dvakr\u00e1t a\u017e t\u0159ikr\u00e1t za sezonu 3\u221218 vajec, inkubace trv\u00e1 p\u0159ibli\u017en\u011b 2 m\u011bs\u00edce","food_note":"hmyz a dal\u0161\u00ed bezobratl\u00ed, p\u0159\u00edle\u017eitostn\u011b m\u011bkk\u00e9 \u010d\u00e1sti rostlin (kv\u011bty, plody, du\u017enat\u00e9 listy)","biotopes_note":" such\u00e9 p\u00eds\u010dit\u00e9, hlinit\u00e9 nebo kamenit\u00e9 stepi a k\u0159ovinat\u00e9 polopou\u0161t\u011b\t","spread_note":"od Kaspick\u00e9ho mo\u0159e na v\u00fdchod po severoz\u00e1padn\u00ed \u010c\u00ednu a na jihu po Afganist\u00e1n ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 29\u201331 cm, z toho ocas 18\u201319 cm, hmotnost a\u017e 50 g","attractions":"

AGAMY OBECN\u011a: agamy jsou z\u00e1stupci po\u010detn\u00e9 \u010deledi agamovit\u00fdch. Ob\u00fdvaj\u00ed nejr\u016fzn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed prost\u0159ed\u00ed od vyprahl\u00e9ho australsk\u00e9ho vnitrozem\u00ed po koruny strom\u016f v asijsk\u00fdch tropick\u00fdch les\u00edch, a tomu odpov\u00edd\u00e1 i jejich vzhled. Pou\u0161tn\u00ed druhy m\u00edvaj\u00ed nen\u00e1padn\u00e9 barvy a zplo\u0161t\u011bn\u00e9 t\u011blo bez h\u0159eben\u016f, naopak druhy z prales\u016f se \u010dasto vyzna\u010duj\u00ed pestr\u00fdmi barvami a mnoh\u00e9 z nich maj\u00ed pod\u00e9l p\u00e1te\u0159e v\u00fdrazn\u00e9 h\u0159ebeny nebo k\u00fdl nad ocasem. Spole\u010dn\u00e1 v\u0161ak pro n\u011b je denn\u00ed aktivita, \u010dast\u00e1 pohlavn\u00ed dvojtv\u00e1rnost a j\u00eddeln\u00ed\u010dek sest\u00e1vaj\u00edc\u00ed p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b z drobn\u00fdch \u017eivo\u010dich\u016f. Jen n\u011bkter\u00e9 agamy po\u017e\u00edraj\u00ed i \u010d\u00e1sti rostlin, nap\u0159\u00edklad kv\u011bty \u010di plody. Mezi agamami nalezneme druhy vejcorod\u00e9 i vejco\u017eivorod\u00e9, vejcorodost v\u0161ak p\u0159evl\u00e1d\u00e1. Podobn\u011b jako chameleoni, kte\u0159\u00ed jsou agam\u00e1m bl\u00edzce p\u0159\u00edbuzn\u00ed, i mnoh\u00e9 agamy dok\u00e1\u017eou pohybovat ka\u017ed\u00fdm okem zvl\u00e1\u0161\u0165. Mnoho jich tak\u00e9 dovede m\u011bnit barvu k\u016f\u017ee. Vyjad\u0159uj\u00ed t\u00edm hlavn\u011b sv\u00e9 rozpolo\u017een\u00ed a stav: jinou barvu m\u00e1 nap\u0159\u00edklad b\u0159ez\u00ed samice, jinou zase samec h\u00e1j\u00edc\u00ed sv\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed. Zm\u011bnou barvy v\u0161ak tak\u00e9 mohou usp\u00ed\u0161it proh\u0159\u00e1t\u00ed t\u011bla po r\u00e1nu nebo zm\u00edrnit jeho p\u0159eh\u0159\u00edv\u00e1n\u00ed b\u011bhem hork\u00e9ho dne, proto\u017ee r\u016fzn\u00e9 barvy pohlcuj\u00ed slune\u010dn\u00ed teplo odli\u0161nou m\u011brou. <\/p>\r\n

AGAMY STEPN\u00cd: ob\u00fdv\u00e1 such\u00e9 asijsk\u00e9 stepi a k\u0159ovinat\u00e9 pou\u0161t\u011b. Samec m\u00e1 syt\u011b modrou spodinu t\u011bla, kterou vystavuje z vyv\u00fd\u0161en\u00fdch m\u00edst na ke\u0159\u00edch v\u0161em na odiv. Sna\u017e\u00ed se tak zaujmout sami\u010dky a z\u00e1rove\u0148 t\u00edm varuje soky, aby nevstupovali na jeho \u00fazem\u00ed. <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"travnat\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"28","title":"Agama turkest\u00e1nsk\u00e1","description":"

\"Foto:St\u0159edn\u011b velk\u00e1 agama s pom\u011brn\u011b velkou hlavou. P\u0159evl\u00e1d\u00e1 olivov\u00e9, \u0161ed\u00e9 a\u017e hn\u011bdav\u00e9 zbarven\u00ed s tmavou kresbou. Dosp\u011bl\u00ed samci maj\u00ed tmav\u00e9 hrdlo.<\/p>","latin_title":"Laudakia lehmanni","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Dv\u011b agamy turkest\u00e1nsk\u00e9 str\u00e1vily v pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo n\u011bkolik m\u011bs\u00edc\u016f v letech 1956 a 1957. V roce 2012 zoo z\u00edskala osm jedinc\u016f odchycen\u00fdch v p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b. Stali se z\u00e1kladem chovu, v n\u011bm\u017e se ji\u017e vyl\u00edhlo t\u00e9m\u011b\u0159 70 ml\u00e1\u010fat.<\/p>","reproduction":"samice klade 8\u201322 vejce, inkubace trv\u00e1 asi 2 m\u011bs\u00edce","food_note":"p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm hmyz, p\u0159\u00edpadn\u011b m\u011bkk\u00e9 \u010d\u00e1sti rostlin ","biotopes_note":"such\u00e9 skalnat\u00e9 \u010di kamenit\u00e9 sr\u00e1zy a svahy hor do v\u00fd\u0161ky 3 400 m n. m. ","spread_note":" je endemitem v poho\u0159\u00ed Pam\u00edr, kde se vyskytuje na \u00fazem\u00ed o rozloze t\u00e9m\u011b\u0159 140 000 km2. ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 36\u201341 cm, z toho ocas 22\u201326 cm, hmotnost a\u017e 120 g","attractions":"

AGAMY OBECN\u011a: agamy jsou z\u00e1stupci po\u010detn\u00e9 \u010deledi agamovit\u00fdch. Ob\u00fdvaj\u00ed nejr\u016fzn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed prost\u0159ed\u00ed od vyprahl\u00e9ho australsk\u00e9ho vnitrozem\u00ed po koruny strom\u016f v asijsk\u00fdch tropick\u00fdch les\u00edch, a tomu odpov\u00edd\u00e1 i jejich vzhled. Pou\u0161tn\u00ed druhy m\u00edvaj\u00ed nen\u00e1padn\u00e9 barvy a zplo\u0161t\u011bn\u00e9 t\u011blo bez h\u0159eben\u016f, naopak druhy z prales\u016f se \u010dasto vyzna\u010duj\u00ed pestr\u00fdmi barvami a mnoh\u00e9 z nich maj\u00ed pod\u00e9l p\u00e1te\u0159e v\u00fdrazn\u00e9 h\u0159ebeny nebo k\u00fdl nad ocasem. Spole\u010dn\u00e1 v\u0161ak pro n\u011b je denn\u00ed aktivita, \u010dast\u00e1 pohlavn\u00ed dvojtv\u00e1rnost a j\u00eddeln\u00ed\u010dek sest\u00e1vaj\u00edc\u00ed p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b z drobn\u00fdch \u017eivo\u010dich\u016f. Jen n\u011bkter\u00e9 agamy po\u017e\u00edraj\u00ed i \u010d\u00e1sti rostlin, nap\u0159\u00edklad kv\u011bty \u010di plody. Mezi agamami nalezneme druhy vejcorod\u00e9 i vejco\u017eivorod\u00e9, vejcorodost v\u0161ak p\u0159evl\u00e1d\u00e1. Podobn\u011b jako chameleoni, kte\u0159\u00ed jsou agam\u00e1m bl\u00edzce p\u0159\u00edbuzn\u00ed, i mnoh\u00e9 agamy dok\u00e1\u017eou pohybovat ka\u017ed\u00fdm okem zvl\u00e1\u0161\u0165. Mnoho jich tak\u00e9 dovede m\u011bnit barvu k\u016f\u017ee. Vyjad\u0159uj\u00ed t\u00edm hlavn\u011b sv\u00e9 rozpolo\u017een\u00ed a stav: jinou barvu m\u00e1 nap\u0159\u00edklad b\u0159ez\u00ed samice, jinou zase samec h\u00e1j\u00edc\u00ed sv\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed. Zm\u011bnou barvy v\u0161ak tak\u00e9 mohou usp\u00ed\u0161it proh\u0159\u00e1t\u00ed t\u011bla po r\u00e1nu nebo zm\u00edrnit jeho p\u0159eh\u0159\u00edv\u00e1n\u00ed b\u011bhem hork\u00e9ho dne, proto\u017ee r\u016fzn\u00e9 barvy pohlcuj\u00ed slune\u010dn\u00ed teplo odli\u0161nou m\u011brou. <\/p>\r\n

AGAMA TURKEST\u00c1NSK\u00c1: s oblibou se pohybuje po kolm\u00fdch st\u011bn\u00e1ch skal a balvan\u016f. Samci p\u0159eva\u017euj\u00ed na v\u00fd\u0161e polo\u017een\u00fdch m\u00edstech, m\u00e9n\u011b n\u00e1padn\u00e9 samice se zdr\u017euj\u00ed n\u00ed\u017ee. P\u0159ed slune\u010dn\u00edm \u017e\u00e1rem se ukr\u00fdvaj\u00ed ve v\u011btv\u00edch ke\u0159\u016f a strom\u016f. \u017dije na skalnat\u00fdch sr\u00e1zech st\u0159edoasijsk\u00fdch hor a dok\u00e1\u017ee zru\u010dn\u011b \u0161plhat i po kolm\u00fdch st\u011bn\u00e1ch. <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"hory"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"29","title":"Agamka p\u00edse\u010dn\u00e1","description":"

\"Foto:Nen\u00e1padn\u00e9 hn\u011bdo\u0161ed\u00e9 zbarven\u00ed dokonale spl\u00fdv\u00e1 s p\u00edse\u010dn\u00fdm prost\u0159ed\u00edm. Dal\u0161\u00ed adaptac\u00ed pro \u017eivot v pou\u0161t\u00edch jsou \u0161t\u00edhl\u00e9 prsty opat\u0159en\u00e9 \u0159adou v\u00fdr\u016fstk\u016f, kter\u00e9 pom\u00e1haj\u00ed agamce pohybovat se po p\u00edsku. Typick\u00e1 je velk\u00e1, shora zplo\u0161t\u011bl\u00e1 hlava.<\/p>","latin_title":"Phrynocephalus mystaceus","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Podle dochovan\u00fdch z\u00e1znam\u016f se tyto agamky objevily v zoo v letech 1957, 1974 a 2011 (bez ur\u010den\u00ed poddruhu). V roce 2006 zoo chovala pom\u011brn\u011b kr\u00e1tce nomin\u00e1tn\u00ed poddruh P. m. mystaceus a od roku 2011 je v chovech zastoupen poddruh P. m. galli. Zat\u00edm se vyl\u00edhlo 14 ml\u00e1\u010fat.<\/p>","reproduction":"klade 2\u22124 vejce, inkuba\u010dn\u00ed doba je v pr\u016fm\u011bru 60 dn\u00ed","food_note":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin, hmyz (brouci), pavouci, vz\u00e1cn\u011b i men\u0161\u00ed je\u0161t\u011b\u0159i a kv\u011bty pou\u0161tn\u00edch rostlin ","biotopes_note":"p\u00edse\u010dn\u00e9 duny a dal\u0161\u00ed sypk\u00e9 p\u00edsky s \u0159\u00eddk\u00fdm travn\u00edm porostem a ke\u0159i ","spread_note":"st\u0159edn\u00ed Asie ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 22\u201324 cm, z toho polovina p\u0159ipad\u00e1 na ocas, hmotnost a\u017e 55 g","attractions":"

AGAMY OBECN\u011a: agamy jsou z\u00e1stupci po\u010detn\u00e9 \u010deledi agamovit\u00fdch. Ob\u00fdvaj\u00ed nejr\u016fzn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed prost\u0159ed\u00ed od vyprahl\u00e9ho australsk\u00e9ho vnitrozem\u00ed po koruny strom\u016f v asijsk\u00fdch tropick\u00fdch les\u00edch, a tomu odpov\u00edd\u00e1 i jejich vzhled. Pou\u0161tn\u00ed druhy m\u00edvaj\u00ed nen\u00e1padn\u00e9 barvy a zplo\u0161t\u011bn\u00e9 t\u011blo bez h\u0159eben\u016f, naopak druhy z prales\u016f se \u010dasto vyzna\u010duj\u00ed pestr\u00fdmi barvami a mnoh\u00e9 z nich maj\u00ed pod\u00e9l p\u00e1te\u0159e v\u00fdrazn\u00e9 h\u0159ebeny nebo k\u00fdl nad ocasem. Spole\u010dn\u00e1 v\u0161ak pro n\u011b je denn\u00ed aktivita, \u010dast\u00e1 pohlavn\u00ed dvojtv\u00e1rnost a j\u00eddeln\u00ed\u010dek sest\u00e1vaj\u00edc\u00ed p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b z drobn\u00fdch \u017eivo\u010dich\u016f. Jen n\u011bkter\u00e9 agamy po\u017e\u00edraj\u00ed i \u010d\u00e1sti rostlin, nap\u0159\u00edklad kv\u011bty \u010di plody. Mezi agamami nalezneme druhy vejcorod\u00e9 i vejco\u017eivorod\u00e9, vejcorodost v\u0161ak p\u0159evl\u00e1d\u00e1. Podobn\u011b jako chameleoni, kte\u0159\u00ed jsou agam\u00e1m bl\u00edzce p\u0159\u00edbuzn\u00ed, i mnoh\u00e9 agamy dok\u00e1\u017eou pohybovat ka\u017ed\u00fdm okem zvl\u00e1\u0161\u0165. Mnoho jich tak\u00e9 dovede m\u011bnit barvu k\u016f\u017ee. Vyjad\u0159uj\u00ed t\u00edm hlavn\u011b sv\u00e9 rozpolo\u017een\u00ed a stav: jinou barvu m\u00e1 nap\u0159\u00edklad b\u0159ez\u00ed samice, jinou zase samec h\u00e1j\u00edc\u00ed sv\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed. Zm\u011bnou barvy v\u0161ak tak\u00e9 mohou usp\u00ed\u0161it proh\u0159\u00e1t\u00ed t\u011bla po r\u00e1nu nebo zm\u00edrnit jeho p\u0159eh\u0159\u00edv\u00e1n\u00ed b\u011bhem hork\u00e9ho dne, proto\u017ee r\u016fzn\u00e9 barvy pohlcuj\u00ed slune\u010dn\u00ed teplo odli\u0161nou m\u011brou. <\/p>\r\n

AGAMKA P\u00cdSE\u010cN\u00c1: p\u0159i hroz\u00edc\u00edm nebezpe\u010d\u00ed nep\u0159\u00edteli zmiz\u00ed tak, \u017ee se p\u0159\u00ed\u010dn\u00fdm chv\u011bn\u00edm t\u011bla rychle \"pono\u0159\u00ed\" do p\u00edsku. Pokud je nutn\u00e9 \u00fato\u010dn\u00edka zastra\u0161it, do\u0161iroka rozev\u0159e tlamu a rozt\u00e1hne \u010derven\u011b zbarvenou ko\u017en\u00ed \u0159asu, kterou m\u00e1 v koutc\u00edch, p\u0159i\u010dem\u017e nav\u00edc sy\u010d\u00ed, frk\u00e1, st\u00e1\u010d\u00ed a zas rozbaluje oc\u00e1sek a d\u011bl\u00e1 proti nep\u0159\u00edteli v\u00fdpady. Samci r\u00e1no \u010dasto nehybn\u011b stoj\u00ed na vyv\u00fd\u0161en\u00e9m m\u00edst\u011b, vzty\u010deni na p\u0159edn\u00edch nohou, a nat\u00e1\u010dej\u00ed se tak, aby je p\u0159\u00edpadn\u00fd sok dob\u0159e vid\u011bl. Prudk\u00fdm st\u00e1\u010den\u00edm ocasu oznamuj\u00ed sv\u00e9 n\u00e1roky na teritorium.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"pou\u0161\u0165 a polopou\u0161\u0165"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"30","title":"Gekon turkest\u00e1nsk\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:M\u00e1 nen\u00e1padn\u00e9 zbarven\u00ed typick\u00e9 pro pou\u0161tn\u00ed je\u0161t\u011bry \u2013 svrchu je \u017elutav\u011b \u0161ed\u00fd, zespodu b\u00edl\u00fd.<\/p>","latin_title":"Cyrtopodion fedtschenkoi","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Zoo Praha chov\u00e1 tento druh od roku 1012 a \u00fasp\u011b\u0161n\u011b ho rozmno\u017euje.<\/p>","reproduction":"samice sn\u00e1\u0161\u00ed 1\u20132 vejce, ml\u00e1\u010fata se l\u00edhnou za 49\u201362 dny","food_note":"hmyz (v\u0161ekazi a brouci), pavouci a dal\u0161\u00ed bezobratl\u00ed ","biotopes_note":"polopou\u0161t\u011b, svisl\u00e9 skaln\u00ed \u0159\u00edmsy hor a\u017e do 2 400 m n. m., spra\u0161e, skaln\u00ed v\u00fdchozy, kamenn\u00e9 sut\u011b, z\u00eddky ","spread_note":"st\u0159edn\u00ed Asie \u2013 jihov\u00fdchodn\u00ed Turkmenist\u00e1n, Uzbekist\u00e1n, T\u00e1d\u017eikist\u00e1n, Kirg\u00edzie, severov\u00fdchodn\u00ed \u00cdr\u00e1n, severn\u00ed Afganistan ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka do 17 cm, z toho ocas 8\u201310 cm, hmotnost do 3,5 g","attractions":"

GEKONI OBECN\u011a: gekoni a gekon\u010d\u00edci b\u00fdvali \u0159azeni do jedn\u00e9 \u010deledi gekonovit\u00fdch, v sou\u010dasn\u00e9 dob\u011b jsou uzn\u00e1v\u00e1ni jako dv\u011b samostatn\u00e9 \u010deledi. Lid\u00e9 si obvykle gekona predstav\u00ed jako mal\u00e9ho je\u0161tera, kter\u00fd d\u00edky p\u0159\u00edsavk\u00e1m zdatn\u011b zdol\u00e1v\u00e1 i kolm\u00e9 a na prvn\u00ed pohled zcela hladk\u00e9 povrchy. Ve skute\u010dnosti jsou v\u0161ak gekoni mnohem rozmanit\u011bj\u0161\u00ed: n\u011bkter\u00e9 druhy si p\u0159i \u0161plh\u00e1n\u00ed nam\u00edsto p\u0159\u00edsavkami pom\u00e1haj\u00ed dlouh\u00fdmi tenk\u00fdmi prsty se zahnut\u00fdmi dr\u00e1pky, dal\u0161\u00ed ne\u0161plhaj\u00ed v\u016fbec a m\u00edsto toho se zahrab\u00e1vaj\u00ed do substr\u00e1tu, n\u011bkter\u00e9 maj\u00ed tenou\u010dk\u00e9, huben\u00e9 t\u011blo, mnoh\u00e9 zas maj\u00ed zkr\u00e1cen\u00fd \u010di sto\u010den\u00fd ocas. A to ani nemluv\u011b o dal\u0161\u00edch z\u00e1stupc\u00edch \u010deledi gekonovit\u00fdch, kte\u0159\u00ed v \u010de\u0161tin\u011b jm\u00e9no \u201egekon\u201c \u010di \u201egekon\u010d\u00edk\u201c nenesou: denn\u00edch felzum\u00e1ch a pagekonech \u010di podivn\u00fdch ploskorepech, kte\u0159\u00ed sv\u00fdm vzhledem napodobuj\u00ed such\u00e9 listy, v\u011btvi\u010dky \u010di k\u016fru stromu porostlou li\u0161ejn\u00edky! Se v\u0161emi z\u00e1stupci skupiny se setk\u00e1me v subtropech a tropech a mnoz\u00ed jsou obl\u00edben\u00fdmi terarijn\u00edmi zv\u00ed\u0159aty. V pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo chov\u00e1me hned n\u011bkolik druh\u016f stromov\u00fdch, skaln\u00edch i pozemn\u00edch gekon\u016f. <\/p>\r\n

GEKON TURKEST\u00c1NSK\u00dd: na rozd\u00edl od jin\u00fdch gekon\u016f nem\u00e1 na prstech p\u0159\u00edsavky, ale d\u00edky dlouh\u00fdm prst\u016fm s tenk\u00fdmi, ostr\u00fdmi dr\u00e1pky se snadno udr\u017e\u00ed i na svisl\u00e9m povrchu. Krom\u011b jara je aktivn\u00ed jen za soumraku.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"hory"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"31","title":"Gekon z\u00e1zra\u010dn\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:M\u00e1 \u0161irokou hlavu, dlouh\u00e9 nohy a kr\u00e1tk\u00fd ocas. Jemn\u00e1 k\u016f\u017ee je pom\u011brn\u011b pest\u0159e zbarven\u00e1 \u2013 na \u017elutav\u00e9m podklad\u011b vynik\u00e1 kresba tvo\u0159en\u00e1 tmav\u0161\u00edmi \u010di sv\u011btlej\u0161\u00edmi skvrnami a prou\u017eky. Ml\u00e1\u010fata jsou jasn\u011b \u017elut\u00e1, s \u010dern\u00fdmi prou\u017eky. Prsty jsou opat\u0159en\u00e9 jak\u00fdmsi h\u0159eb\u00ednkem,. kter\u00fd usnad\u0148uje pohyb v p\u00edsku.<\/p>","latin_title":"Teratoscincus scincus","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Jeden exempl\u00e1\u0159 byl zaznamen\u00e1n v roce 1989, souvisl\u00fd chov za\u010dal v roce 2012, kdy p\u0159i\u0161li prvn\u00ed jedinci nomin\u00e1tn\u00edho poddruhu T. s. scincus.<\/p>","reproduction":"samice sn\u00e1\u0161\u00ed 1\u20132 vejce, inkubace trv\u00e1 1,5\u20133 m\u011bs\u00edce","food_note":"brouci, mravenci i jin\u00fd hmyz ","biotopes_note":"p\u00eds\u010dit\u00e9 pou\u0161t\u011b s \u0159\u00eddkou vegetac\u00ed ","spread_note":"od Kaspick\u00e9ho mo\u0159e po z\u00e1padn\u00ed \u010c\u00ednu ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka 16\u201318 cm, z toho ocas 7 cm, hmotnost do 25 g","attractions":"

GEKONI OBECN\u011a: gekoni a gekon\u010d\u00edci b\u00fdvali \u0159azeni do jedn\u00e9 \u010deledi gekonovit\u00fdch, v sou\u010dasn\u00e9 dob\u011b jsou uzn\u00e1v\u00e1ni jako dv\u011b samostatn\u00e9 \u010deledi. Lid\u00e9 si obvykle gekona predstav\u00ed jako mal\u00e9ho je\u0161tera, kter\u00fd d\u00edky p\u0159\u00edsavk\u00e1m zdatn\u011b zdol\u00e1v\u00e1 i kolm\u00e9 a na prvn\u00ed pohled zcela hladk\u00e9 povrchy. Ve skute\u010dnosti jsou v\u0161ak gekoni mnohem rozmanit\u011bj\u0161\u00ed: n\u011bkter\u00e9 druhy si p\u0159i \u0161plh\u00e1n\u00ed nam\u00edsto p\u0159\u00edsavkami pom\u00e1haj\u00ed dlouh\u00fdmi tenk\u00fdmi prsty se zahnut\u00fdmi dr\u00e1pky, dal\u0161\u00ed ne\u0161plhaj\u00ed v\u016fbec a m\u00edsto toho se zahrab\u00e1vaj\u00ed do substr\u00e1tu, n\u011bkter\u00e9 maj\u00ed tenou\u010dk\u00e9, huben\u00e9 t\u011blo, mnoh\u00e9 zas maj\u00ed zkr\u00e1cen\u00fd \u010di sto\u010den\u00fd ocas. A to ani nemluv\u011b o dal\u0161\u00edch z\u00e1stupc\u00edch \u010deledi gekonovit\u00fdch, kte\u0159\u00ed v \u010de\u0161tin\u011b jm\u00e9no \u201egekon\u201c \u010di \u201egekon\u010d\u00edk\u201c nenesou: denn\u00edch felzum\u00e1ch a pagekonech \u010di podivn\u00fdch ploskorepech, kte\u0159\u00ed sv\u00fdm vzhledem napodobuj\u00ed such\u00e9 listy, v\u011btvi\u010dky \u010di k\u016fru stromu porostlou li\u0161ejn\u00edky! Se v\u0161emi z\u00e1stupci skupiny se setk\u00e1me v subtropech a tropech a mnoz\u00ed jsou obl\u00edben\u00fdmi terarijn\u00edmi zv\u00ed\u0159aty. V pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo chov\u00e1me hned n\u011bkolik druh\u016f stromov\u00fdch, skaln\u00edch i pozemn\u00edch gekon\u016f. <\/p>\r\n

GEKON Z\u00c1ZRA\u010cN\u00dd: poch\u00e1zej\u00edc\u00ed se St\u0159edn\u00ed Asie, pat\u0159\u00ed mezi pozemn\u00ed, pou\u0161tn\u00ed druhy. Je aktivn\u00ed v noci, p\u0159esto ho v p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b snadno odhal\u00edte \u2013 o\u010di mu ve sv\u011btle baterky \u010derven\u011b sv\u00edt\u00ed. V ohro\u017een\u00ed mrsk\u00e1 ocasem a zastra\u0161uje nep\u0159\u00edtele lupav\u00fdm zvukem, kter\u00fd vznik\u00e1 vz\u00e1jemn\u00fdm t\u0159en\u00edm \u0161upin. Krom\u011b toho zastra\u0161uje nep\u0159\u00edtele sy\u010den\u00edm nebo ostr\u00fdmi zvuky. V p\u0159\u00edpad\u011b polapen\u00ed se jemn\u00e1 k\u016f\u017ee snadno trh\u00e1 a ocas se lehce odlom\u00ed, co\u017e umo\u017en\u00ed gekonovi ut\u00e9ct. Ve dne se ukr\u00fdv\u00e1 v hlubok\u00fdch nor\u00e1ch, kter\u00e9 si s\u00e1m hrabe.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"pou\u0161\u0165 a polopou\u0161\u0165"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"32","title":"Paje\u0161t\u011brka p\u00edse\u010dn\u00e1","description":"

\"Foto:M\u00e1 \u0161t\u00edhl\u00e9 t\u011blo a dlouh\u00fd ocas. Svrchu je \u0161edozelen\u00e1 s \u010derno\u0161edou kresbou, spodn\u00ed strana je b\u011blav\u00e1.<\/p>","latin_title":"Eremias grammica","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Paje\u0161t\u011brky p\u00edse\u010dn\u00e9 chov\u00e1 Zoo Praha od roku 2011, od roku 2012 je pravideln\u011b rozmno\u017euje.<\/p>","reproduction":"Samice klade a\u017e \u0161est vaj\u00ed\u010dek 2\u22123kr\u00e1t za sezonu. Ml\u00e1\u010fata se l\u00edhnou po dvou m\u011bs\u00edc\u00edch.","food_note":"mravenci, brouci a jejich larvy, housenky a dal\u0161\u00ed bezobratl\u00ed, vz\u00e1cn\u011b i drobn\u00ed obratlovci ","biotopes_note":" p\u00eds\u010dit\u00e9 oblasti s rozpt\u00fdlen\u00fdmi porosty trav a ke\u0159\u016f ","spread_note":"ob\u00fdv\u00e1 p\u00edse\u010dn\u00e9 oblasti od Ir\u00e1nu p\u0159es St\u0159edn\u00ed Asii a\u017e po Afganistan a z\u00e1padn\u00ed \u010c\u00ednu. ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka 28 cm, z toho ocas 18 cm, hmotnost 28\u201342 g","attractions":"

JE\u0160T\u011aRKY OBECN\u011a: Do \u010deled\u011b je\u0161t\u011brkovit\u00fdch (Lacertidae) pat\u0159\u00ed celkem zhruba 100 druh\u016f plaz\u016f charakteristick\u00fdch \u0161t\u00edhl\u00fdm t\u011blem, velk\u00fdmi \u0161upinami na hlav\u011b a dlouh\u00fdm ocasem, kter\u00fd dok\u00e1\u017eou v p\u0159\u00edpad\u011b nebezpe\u010d\u00ed odlomit. To jim poskytne \u010das na \u00fat\u011bk a ocas jim pozd\u011bji op\u011bt zregeneruje. Jak vlastn\u00ed je\u0161t\u011brky, tak i dal\u0161\u00ed z\u00e1stupci skupiny \u2013 nap\u0159\u00edklad kr\u00e1tkono\u017eky \u010di paje\u0161t\u011brky \u2013 ob\u00fdvaj\u00ed such\u00e1 m\u00edsta v Eurasii a Africe, od pou\u0161t\u00ed po sv\u011btl\u00e9 lesy. Dovedou rychle b\u011bhat a \u0161plhat, ale jen jeden druh je vysloven\u011b stromov\u00fd. Samice v\u011bt\u0161iny druh\u016f kladou vejce, kter\u00e1 maj\u00ed prot\u00e1hl\u00fd tvar a ko\u017eovitou sko\u0159\u00e1pku. Druhy z chladn\u011bj\u0161\u00edch oblast\u00ed b\u00fdvaj\u00ed vejco\u017eivorod\u00e9 a jsou zn\u00e1my tak\u00e9 druhy, kter\u00e9 se rozmno\u017euj\u00ed partenogeneticky, tedy nepohlavn\u011b (bez p\u0159\u00edtomnosti samce, z neoplozen\u00fdch vaj\u00ed\u010dek).<\/p>\r\n

PAJE\u0160T\u011aRKA P\u00cdSE\u010cN\u00c1: ob\u00fdv\u00e1 p\u00edse\u010dn\u00e9 oblasti od Ir\u00e1nu p\u0159es St\u0159edn\u00ed Asii a\u017e po Afgh\u00e1nist\u00e1n a z\u00e1padn\u00ed \u010c\u00ednu. Aby se nebo\u0159ila do p\u00edsku, m\u00e1 na spodn\u00ed stran\u011b prst\u016f \u0161upinat\u00e9 kart\u00e1\u010dky, kter\u00e9 zv\u011bt\u0161uj\u00ed n\u00e1\u0161lapnou plochu. Samice klade a\u017e \u0161est vaj\u00ed\u010dek 2\u22123kr\u00e1t za sezonu. Aktivn\u00ed je ve dne, ale kdy\u017e teplota p\u016fdy \u0161plh\u00e1 p\u0159es 50 \u00b0C, tr\u00e1v\u00ed \u010das v \u00fakrytu.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"pou\u0161\u0165 a polopou\u0161\u0165"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"33","title":"Paje\u0161t\u011brka stepn\u00ed","description":"

\"Foto:\u0160t\u00edhl\u00fd druh s olivov\u00fdm a\u017e hn\u011bdav\u00fdm zbarven\u00edm a barevn\u00fdmi skvrnkami na h\u0159betn\u00ed stran\u011b t\u011bla. Poddruh E. a. uzbekistanica, kter\u00fd v sou\u010dasn\u00e9 dob\u011b chov\u00e1me, m\u00e1 tmav\u011b lemovan\u00e9 okrouhl\u00e9 skvrny, se\u0159azen\u00e9 do pravideln\u00fdch p\u0159\u00ed\u010dn\u00fdch \u0159ad.<\/p>","latin_title":"Eremias arguta","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Od roku 2006 chov\u00e1 Zoo Praha poddruh E. a. deseri, od roku 2011 tak\u00e9 poddruh E. a. uzbekistanica. Oba poddruhy pravideln\u011b rozmno\u017eujeme.<\/p>","reproduction":"samice klade a\u017e 12 vaj\u00ed\u010dek v jedn\u00e9 nebo dvou sn\u016f\u0161k\u00e1ch ro\u010dn\u011b. Po\u010det vaj\u00ed\u010dek z\u00e1vis\u00ed na velikosti samice a zem\u011bpisn\u00e9m roz\u0161\u00ed\u0159en\u00ed dan\u00e9ho poddruhu. Ml\u00e1\u010fata se l\u00edhnou po v\u00edce ne\u017e 2 m\u011bs\u00edc\u00edch","food_note":"hmyz, pavouci a dal\u0161\u00ed bezobratl\u00ed ","biotopes_note":" polopou\u0161t\u011b + hory, na severu are\u00e1lu stepi a p\u00eds\u010dit\u00e1 pob\u0159e\u017e\u00ed, na jihu such\u00e9 horsk\u00e9 oblasti a\u017e do v\u00fd\u0161ky 2 500 m n. m. ","spread_note":"Asie, od Rumunska po Mongolsko ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka do 20 cm, z toho 50 % ocas, hmotnost 20\u201326 g","attractions":"

JE\u0160T\u011aRKY OBECN\u011a: do \u010deled\u011b je\u0161t\u011brkovit\u00fdch (Lacertidae) pat\u0159\u00ed celkem zhruba 100 druh\u016f plaz\u016f charakteristick\u00fdch \u0161t\u00edhl\u00fdm t\u011blem, velk\u00fdmi \u0161upinami na hlav\u011b a dlouh\u00fdm ocasem, kter\u00fd dok\u00e1\u017eou v p\u0159\u00edpad\u011b nebezpe\u010d\u00ed odlomit. To jim poskytne \u010das na \u00fat\u011bk a ocas jim pozd\u011bji op\u011bt zregeneruje. Jak vlastn\u00ed je\u0161t\u011brky, tak i dal\u0161\u00ed z\u00e1stupci skupiny \u2013 nap\u0159\u00edklad kr\u00e1tkono\u017eky \u010di paje\u0161t\u011brky \u2013 ob\u00fdvaj\u00ed such\u00e1 m\u00edsta v Eurasii a Africe, od pou\u0161t\u00ed po sv\u011btl\u00e9 lesy. Dovedou rychle b\u011bhat a \u0161plhat, ale jen jeden druh je vysloven\u011b stromov\u00fd. Samice v\u011bt\u0161iny druh\u016f kladou vejce, kter\u00e1 maj\u00ed prot\u00e1hl\u00fd tvar a ko\u017eovitou sko\u0159\u00e1pku. Druhy z chladn\u011bj\u0161\u00edch oblast\u00ed b\u00fdvaj\u00ed vejco\u017eivorod\u00e9 a jsou zn\u00e1my tak\u00e9 druhy, kter\u00e9 se rozmno\u017euj\u00ed partenogeneticky, tedy nepohlavn\u011b (bez p\u0159\u00edtomnosti samce, z neoplozen\u00fdch vaj\u00ed\u010dek).<\/p>\r\n

PAJE\u0160T\u011aRKA STEPN\u00cd: ob\u00fdv\u00e1 rozlehl\u00fd are\u00e1l od Rumunska po Mongolsko. V oblastech s p\u00eds\u010dit\u00fdmi p\u016fdami si hrabe hlubok\u00e9 nory, ve step\u00edch vyu\u017e\u00edv\u00e1 nor jin\u00fdch \u017eivo\u010dich\u016f nebo p\u0159irozen\u00fdch puklin. Samice klade a\u017e 12 vaj\u00ed\u010dek.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"travnat\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Evropa"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"34","title":"Trnorep mezopotamsk\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Statn\u00fd je\u0161t\u011br s velkou hlavou, siln\u00fdma nohama a \u0161irok\u00fdm t\u011blem. Ocas je pokryt\u00fd \u0161upinami, kter\u00e9 vyb\u00edhaj\u00ed v kr\u00e1tk\u00e9 hroty.<\/p>","latin_title":"Saara loricata","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Prvn\u00ed t\u0159i trnorepi mezopotam\u0161t\u00ed p\u0159i\u0161li do zoo v roce 2012, prvn\u00ed odchov se poda\u0159il v roce 2014. V pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo ho m\u016f\u017eete spat\u0159it ve sm\u00ed\u0161en\u00e9 expozici plaz\u016f st\u0159edoasijsk\u00fdch pou\u0161t\u00ed, kter\u00e1 se nach\u00e1z\u00ed v Pavilonu ko\u010dkovit\u00fdch \u0161elem. <\/p>","reproduction":"samice klade 10\u201340 vajec, inkubace trv\u00e1 70\u201380 dn\u00ed ","food_note":" rostliny, okrajov\u011b tak\u00e9 hmyz ","biotopes_note":"such\u00e9 kamenit\u00e9 oblasti s \u0159\u00eddk\u00fdm rostlinn\u00fdm krytem ","spread_note":"od v\u00fdchodn\u00edho Ir\u00e1ku p\u0159es \u00cdr\u00e1n po Kuvajt ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka a\u017e 50 cm, hmotnost a\u017e p\u0159es 1 kg","attractions":"

TRNOREPOV\u00c9 OBECN\u011a: Trnorepov\u00e9 jsou mohutn\u00ed, zavalit\u00ed je\u0161t\u011b\u0159i s kulatou hlavou, pat\u0159\u00edc\u00ed do \u010deled\u011b agamovit\u00fdch. Do zna\u010dn\u00e9 m\u00edry p\u0159ipom\u00ednaj\u00ed severoamerick\u00e9 \u010dukvaly, se kter\u00fdmi v\u0161ak nejsou nijak bl\u00edzce p\u0159\u00edbuzn\u00ed; podobnost vznikla sp\u00ed\u0161e jako d\u016fsledek obdobn\u00e9ho \u017eivotn\u00edho stylu. Jsou to tvorov\u00e9 skv\u011ble p\u0159izp\u016fsoben\u00ed \u017eivotu na hork\u00fdch such\u00fdch pou\u0161t\u00edch, kde mohou teploty p\u0159es den p\u0159esahovat 50 \u00b0C. Horko jim nijak nevad\u00ed, naopak, jsou vysloven\u011b teplomiln\u00ed a \u010dasto se slun\u00ed. Such\u00e1 rostlinn\u00e1 hmota, kterou se \u017eiv\u00ed, toti\u017e pot\u0159ebuje ke str\u00e1ven\u00ed pom\u011brn\u011b vysok\u00e9 teploty, a t\u011blo je tedy nutn\u00e9 d\u016fkladn\u011b proh\u0159\u00e1t. K regulaci t\u011blesn\u00e9 teploty jim napom\u00e1h\u00e1 barvom\u011bna \u2013 na slunci z\u00edsk\u00e1vaj\u00ed sv\u011btlej\u0161\u00ed barvu, v chladu naopak tmavnou, proto\u017ee tmav\u00e1 barva l\u00e9pe akumuluje teplo a oh\u0159\u00edv\u00e1n\u00ed se t\u00edm urychl\u00ed. V mohutn\u00e9m ocase pokryt\u00e9m tuh\u00fdmi, \u0161pi\u010dat\u00fdmi \u0161upinami se skr\u00fdvaj\u00ed tukov\u00e9 rezervy, pro kter\u00e9 je trnorep n\u011bkter\u00fdmi pou\u0161tn\u00edmi n\u00e1rody loven. Tento ocas sv\u00e9mu nositeli slou\u017e\u00ed tak\u00e9 jako \u00fa\u010dinn\u00e1 zbra\u0148 \u2013 v ohro\u017een\u00ed s n\u00edm plaz \u0161vih\u00e1 proti nep\u0159\u00edteli, nebo se zakl\u00edn\u00ed ve \u0161kv\u00ed\u0159e mezi kameny nebo d\u00ed\u0159e v zemi tak, \u017ee sm\u011brem ven m\u00ed\u0159\u00ed jen otrn\u011bn\u00fd povrch ocasn\u00edch \u0161upin, p\u0159es kter\u00fd se pred\u00e1tor k t\u011blu nedostane. Pr\u00e1v\u011b ocasu vd\u011b\u010d\u00ed trnorepov\u00e9 za sv\u00e9 jm\u00e9no \u2013 p\u0159\u00edponou -rep se v zoologii ozna\u010duje ocas, a trnorep tak vlastn\u011b znamen\u00e1 \u201etrnoocas\u201c. <\/p>\r\n

TRNOREP MEZOPOT\u00c1MSK\u00dd: V p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b ani v chovech nen\u00ed nijak hojn\u00fd a o jeho \u017eivot\u011b se toho mnoho nev\u00ed. Stejn\u011b jako jin\u00ed trnorepov\u00e9 je aktivn\u00ed ve dne a r\u00e1d se slun\u00ed. Na slunci p\u0159itom z\u00edsk\u00e1v\u00e1 sv\u011btlej\u0161\u00ed barvu, v chladu naopak tmavne. Tmav\u00e1 barva toti\u017e l\u00e9pe akumuluje teplo a je\u0161t\u011br se tak rychleji oh\u0159eje. \u017dije v koloni\u00edch a noc tr\u00e1v\u00ed v nor\u00e1ch, kter\u00e9 si s\u00e1m hrabe.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"kamenit\u00e9 stepi a polopou\u0161t\u011b"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"35","title":"\u017delva stepn\u00ed (= \u010dty\u0159prst\u00e1)","description":"

\"Foto:Jako typicky suchozemsk\u00e1 \u017eelva m\u00e1 klenut\u00fd krun\u00fd\u0159. Karapax je zbarven\u00fd p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b \u017elutohn\u011bd\u011b, s tmav\u0161\u00ed kresbou, plastron je t\u00e9m\u011b\u0159 cel\u00fd \u010dern\u00fd. <\/p>","latin_title":"Testudo horsfieldi","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u017delvy (Chelonia)"},"breeding":"

Z\u00e1znamy o prvn\u00edch \u017eelv\u00e1ch stepn\u00edch v pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo jsou ne\u00fapln\u00e9. Jist\u00e9 je, \u017ee se jednotliv\u011b objevovaly ji\u017e od 60. let minul\u00e9ho stolet\u00ed. Od roku 2011 zoo vystavuje n\u011bkolik \u017eelv z po\u010detn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed skupiny, kterou zabavila \u010cesk\u00e1 inspekce \u017eivotn\u00edho prost\u0159ed\u00ed a um\u00edstila do z\u00e1chrann\u00e9ho CITES centra, kter\u00e9 zoo zaji\u0161\u0165uje. V sou\u010dasn\u00e9 dob\u011b chov\u00e1me poddruh T. h. kazachstanica.<\/p>","reproduction":"samice klade 2\u20136 vajec, \u010dasto dvakr\u00e1t za sezonu, inkubace trv\u00e1 60\u2013110 dn\u00ed","food_note":"tr\u00e1va a byliny, plody ","biotopes_note":" polopou\u0161t\u011b, such\u00e1 otev\u0159en\u00e1 krajina ","spread_note":" od Kaspick\u00e9ho mo\u0159e na v\u00fdchod po P\u00e1kist\u00e1n ","projects_note":"\u017delva stepn\u00ed ob\u00fdv\u00e1 rozlehl\u00fd are\u00e1l, mus\u00ed v\u0161ak \u010delit r\u016fzn\u00e9mu ohro\u017een\u00ed, d\u00edky n\u011bmu\u017e je v \u010cerven\u00e9m seznamu IUCN za\u0159azena jako zraniteln\u00fd druh. V minulosti byly \u017eelvy ohro\u017eov\u00e1ny p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm p\u0159\u00edm\u00fdm lovem pro maso i pro z\u00e1jmov\u00e9 chovy. Je\u0161t\u011b pom\u011brn\u011b ned\u00e1vno byly vyv\u00e1\u017eeny statis\u00edce \u017eelv stepn\u00edch do cel\u00e9ho sv\u011bta. Dal\u0161\u00ed hrozbou se pro n\u011b stalo rozor\u00e1v\u00e1n\u00ed step\u00ed a intenzivn\u00ed pastva dobytka. Populace je mnohde rozdrobov\u00e1na tak\u00e9 budov\u00e1n\u00edm silnic a budoucnost druhu je i p\u0159es ochran\u00e1\u0159sk\u00e1 opat\u0159en\u00ed nejist\u00e1. ","proportions":"d\u00e9lka karapaxu 15\u201325 cm, hmotnost 0,5\u20133 kg, samec je men\u0161\u00ed ne\u017e samice","attractions":"

\u017dELVY OBECN\u011a: \u017delvy jsou starobyl\u00ed plazi, kte\u0159\u00ed se na Zemi objevili p\u0159ed 220 miliony lety, tedy v dob\u011b, kdy zde vl\u00e1dli dinosau\u0159i. Od t\u00e9 doby se nijak v\u00fdrazn\u011b nezm\u011bnil ani jejich vzhled, ani zp\u016fsob \u017eivota. O jejich anatomii, fyziologii i chov\u00e1n\u00ed bylo naps\u00e1no mnoho, a p\u0159ece jsou ob\u010das pro \u010dlov\u011bka z\u00e1hadou. Pro v\u0161echny druhy je typick\u00fd krun\u00fd\u0159 skl\u00e1daj\u00edc\u00ed se z horn\u00edho karapaxu a spodn\u00edho plastronu, kter\u00fd je p\u0159irostl\u00fd k \u010d\u00e1sti kostry. U suchozemsk\u00fdch \u017eelv je tvrd\u00fd a v\u011bt\u0161inou vyklenut\u00fd.<\/p>\r\n

Krom\u011b krun\u00fd\u0159e se v\u0161ak \u017eelvy mohou pochlubit i dal\u0161\u00edmi zvl\u00e1\u0161tnostmi. Nemaj\u00ed zuby, ale okraje jejich \u010delist\u00ed jsou tak tvrd\u00e9 a ostr\u00e9, \u017ee si porad\u00ed nejen s tuh\u00fdmi plody, ale v p\u0159\u00edpad\u011b n\u011bkter\u00fdch druh\u016f i s kostmi. Zna\u010dn\u00e1 vytrvalost a odolnost \u017eelv souvis\u00ed s jejich schopnost\u00ed vyrovnat se s vysokou koncentrac\u00ed kyseliny ml\u00e9\u010dn\u00e9 ve svalech. V\u0161echny \u017eelvy jsou vejcorod\u00e9, vejce kladou na sou\u0161i a o sn\u016f\u0161ku nepe\u010duj\u00ed. Mnoh\u00e9 druhy putuj\u00ed na kladi\u0161t\u011b na velk\u00e9 vzd\u00e1lenosti a vyu\u017e\u00edvaj\u00ed stejn\u00e1 m\u00edsta po tis\u00edce let.<\/p>\r\n

\u017dELVA STEPN\u00cd: Nep\u0159\u00edzniv\u00e9 obdob\u00ed zimn\u00edho chladu i letn\u00edho vedra (a\u017e dev\u011bt m\u011bs\u00edc\u016f v roce) tr\u00e1v\u00ed ve stavu strnulosti v no\u0159e, kter\u00e1 m\u016f\u017ee b\u00fdt dlouh\u00e1 a\u017e 12 m. P\u0159i bou\u0159liv\u00fdch n\u00e1mluv\u00e1ch samec hore\u010dn\u011b ob\u00edh\u00e1 samici, nar\u00e1\u017e\u00ed do n\u00ed krun\u00fd\u0159em a kou\u0161e ji. Krom\u011b toho samci sv\u00e1d\u011bj\u00ed souboje, p\u0159i kter\u00fdch se p\u0159etla\u010duj\u00ed..<\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"travnat\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon velk\u00fdch \u017eelv","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/5813-pavilon-velkych-zelv"}},{"id":"36","title":"Anolis jeskynn\u00ed","description":"

\"Foto:Anolisov\u00e9 jsou p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b \u0161t\u00edhl\u00ed je\u0161t\u011b\u0159i s dlouh\u00fdm ocasem a drobn\u00fdmi \u0161upinami.<\/p>","latin_title":"Anolis bartschi","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Tyto anolisy chov\u00e1me od roku 2006, zat\u00edm se vyl\u00edhlo sedm ml\u00e1\u010fat.<\/p>","reproduction":"po\u010det vajec 1\u22127, inkubace 59\u221265 dn\u00ed ","food_note":" pestr\u00e1 \u0161k\u00e1la bezobratl\u00fdch \u017eivo\u010dich\u016f rozm\u011bry D\u00e9lka do 20\u201327 cm, z toho dv\u011b t\u0159etiny p\u0159ipadaj\u00ed na ocas","biotopes_note":"ob\u00fdv\u00e1 v\u00e1pencov\u00e9 homole (mogoty) a krasov\u00e9 jeskyn\u011b ve vlhk\u00e9m tropick\u00e9m lese. ","spread_note":"z\u00e1padn\u00ed Kuba","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka 20\u221227 cm, toho ocas asi 18 cm","attractions":"

Ob\u00fdvaj\u00ed nejr\u016fzn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed biotopy, od jeskyn\u00ed p\u0159es sladk\u00e9 vody po k\u0159oviny a tropick\u00e9 lesy. Vyskytuj\u00ed se asi ve 400 druz\u00edch v tropick\u00e9 Ji\u017en\u00ed a St\u0159edn\u00ed Americe. Samci m\u00edvaj\u00ed typicky zbarven\u00fd hrdeln\u00ed lalok, jeho\u017e nadouv\u00e1n\u00edm a pohybem hlavy l\u00e1kaj\u00ed samici, ozna\u010duj\u00ed si teritorium a zah\u00e1n\u011bj\u00ed soupe\u0159e. Anolis jeskynn\u00ed z krasov\u00fdch oblast\u00ed Kuby dosahuje d\u00e9lky 20\u201327 cm. Ukr\u00fdv\u00e1 se v puklin\u00e1ch, \u0161t\u011brbin\u00e1ch a jesky\u0148k\u00e1ch. Je t\u00e9m\u011b\u0159 pr\u016fsvitn\u00fd, maskovan\u00fd \u017elutavou nebo okrovou barvou s tmav\u0161\u00edmi skvrnkami. \u017dije v p\u00e1rech, kter\u00e9 se sdru\u017euj\u00ed do skupin. <\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Ji\u017en\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"37","title":"Hrozn\u00fd\u0161ovec kub\u00e1nsk\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:M\u00e1 \u0161t\u00edhl\u00e9 svalnat\u00e9 t\u011blo, z\u0159teln\u00fd krk a troj\u00faheln\u00edkovitou hlavu. Na b\u00e9\u017eov\u00e9m podklad\u011b m\u00e1 tmavou kresbu, p\u0159i\u010dem\u017e populace na z\u00e1pad\u011b Kuby jsou v\u00fdrazn\u011bji zbarven\u00e9, na v\u00fdchod\u011b jsou sv\u011btlej\u0161\u00ed, s m\u00e9n\u011b n\u00e1padnou kresbou.<\/p>","latin_title":"Epicrates angulifer","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Prvn\u00ed hrozn\u00fd\u0161ovci p\u0159i\u0161li do zoo v letech 1963 a 1965 p\u0159\u00edmo z Kuby. V roce 1990 k nim p\u0159ibyli dal\u0161\u00ed a od roku 1993 za\u010dala zoo tento druh pravideln\u011b rozmno\u017eovat. Do roku 2013 bylo odchov\u00e1no ji\u017e v\u00edce ne\u017e 90 ml\u00e1\u010fat.<\/p>","reproduction":"je vejco\u017eivorod\u00fd, samice je b\u0159ez\u00ed asi 7 m\u011bs\u00edc\u016f a pot\u00e9 p\u0159iv\u00e1d\u00ed na sv\u011bt 2\u201310 ml\u00e1\u010fat ","food_note":"men\u0161\u00ed obratlovci v\u010detn\u011b kalo\u0148\u016f a netop\u00fdr\u016f ","biotopes_note":"\u010dlenit\u00e1 krajina s jeskyn\u011bmi, lesy a k\u0159ovinami. Ml\u00e1\u010fata \u017eij\u00ed hlavn\u011b na stromech, dosp\u011bl\u00ed jsou v\u00edce pozemn\u00ed","spread_note":"Kuba ","projects_note":"\u010cel\u00ed typick\u00fdm probl\u00e9m\u016fm ostrovn\u00edch druh\u016f: jejich p\u0159e\u017eit\u00ed ohro\u017euj\u00ed zavle\u010den\u00e1 zv\u00ed\u0159ata a postupuj\u00edc\u00ed devastace prost\u0159ed\u00ed, ve kter\u00e9m \u017eij\u00ed. Nen\u00ed tedy divu, \u017ee mnoh\u00e9 druhy jsou chr\u00e1n\u011bny a v zoologick\u00fdch zahrad\u00e1ch pro n\u011b prob\u00edhaj\u00ed chovn\u00e9 programy. Pra\u017esk\u00e1 zoo pat\u0159\u00ed celosv\u011btov\u011b mezi velmi \u00fasp\u011b\u0161n\u00e9 chovatele hrozn\u00fd\u0161ovc\u016f kub\u00e1nsk\u00fdch, a byla proto pov\u011b\u0159ena koordinac\u00ed Evropsk\u00e9ho z\u00e1chovn\u00e9ho programu (EEP) a veden\u00edm plemenn\u00e9 knihy pro tento druh. ","proportions":"d\u00e9lka 2,5\u20134,5 m, z toho asi 20% p\u0159ipad\u00e1 na ocas, hmotnost a\u017e 8 kg","attractions":"

HROZN\u00dd\u0160OVCI OBECN\u011a: rod hrozn\u00fd\u0161ovec (Epicrates<\/em>) zahrnuje p\u0159ibli\u017en\u011b des\u00edtku nejedovat\u00fdch had\u016f St\u0159edn\u00ed a Ji\u017en\u00ed Ameriky, kte\u0159\u00ed pat\u0159\u00ed do p\u0159\u00edbuzenstva hrozn\u00fd\u0161\u016f, psohlavc\u016f a anakond. Hlavn\u00edm centrem jejich roz\u0161\u00ed\u0159en\u00ed jsou ostrovy karibsk\u00e9 oblasti, na nich\u017e d\u00edky izolaci \u010dasto vytvo\u0159ili sv\u00e9bytn\u00e9 druhy \u010di poddruhy, ne\u017eij\u00edc\u00ed nikde jinde na sv\u011bt\u011b. Bohu\u017eel proto \u010del\u00ed typick\u00fdm probl\u00e9m\u016fm ostrovn\u00edch druh\u016f: jejich p\u0159e\u017eit\u00ed ohro\u017euj\u00ed zavle\u010den\u00e1 zv\u00ed\u0159ata a postupuj\u00edc\u00ed devastace prost\u0159ed\u00ed, ve kter\u00e9m \u017eij\u00ed. Nen\u00ed tedy divu, \u017ee mnoh\u00e9 druhy jsou chr\u00e1n\u011bny a v zoologick\u00fdch zahrad\u00e1ch pro n\u011b prob\u00edhaj\u00ed chovn\u00e9 programy. <\/p>\r\n

HROZN\u00dd\u0160EK KUB\u00c1NSK\u00dd:  je ostrovn\u00ed druh vyskytuj\u00edc\u00ed se pouze na Kub\u011b a z\u00e1rove\u0148 je nejv\u011bt\u0161\u00ed ze v\u0161ech hrozn\u00fd\u0161ovc\u016f. lov\u00ed na zemi, na stromech i v jeskyn\u00edch, kde p\u0159e\u010dk\u00e1v\u00e1 zimn\u00ed m\u011bs\u00edce. Dovede se pevn\u011b dr\u017eet ocasem a ulovit let\u00edc\u00edho netop\u00fdra. Je aktivn\u00ed v noci, o \u010dem\u017e sv\u011bd\u010d\u00ed i velk\u00e9 o\u010di. Ve tm\u011b se orientuje mimo jin\u00e9 pomoc\u00ed termoreceptor\u016f, kter\u00e9 maj\u00ed podobu jamek na horn\u00ed \u010delisti. Vn\u00edmaj\u00ed infraz\u00e1\u0159en\u00ed (teplo), kter\u00e9 vyd\u00e1vaj\u00ed mal\u00ed savci nebo pt\u00e1ci.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"obratlovci"},"continents":{"name_c":"Ji\u017en\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Ter\u00e1rium","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/5814-terarium"}},{"id":"38","title":"Varan smaragdov\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Jasn\u011b zelen\u00e9 zbarven\u00ed varana smaragdov\u00e9ho je p\u0159izp\u016fsoben\u00edm k \u017eivotu v korun\u00e1ch strom\u016f.<\/p>","latin_title":"Varanus prasinus","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Chov byl zah\u00e1jen v roce 1994. Pra\u017esk\u00e1 zoo byla prvn\u00ed v Evrop\u011b, kter\u00e9 se to v roce 1996 poda\u0159ilo. Od t\u00e9 doby se u n\u00e1s vyl\u00edhlo ji\u017e p\u0159es 30 ml\u00e1\u010fat a v\u011bt\u0161inu z nich jsme \u00fasp\u011b\u0161n\u011b odchovali.<\/p>","reproduction":"samice klade 1\u22125 vajec, doba inkubace \u010din\u00ed 164\u2212190 dn\u00ed ","food_note":"mal\u00ed obratlovci, hmyz, mal\u00ed plazi, pt\u00e1ci a savci ","biotopes_note":"k\u0159oviny, stromov\u00e9 patro tropick\u00fdch les\u016f, mangrove, plant\u00e1\u017ee","spread_note":"Nov\u00e1 Guinea a severn\u00ed Austr\u00e1lie ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka 75\u2212100 cm, z toho d\u00e9lka ocasu nejm\u00e9n\u011b 60 %","attractions":"

VARANI OBECN\u011a: Statn\u00e9 t\u011blo, \u0161t\u00edhl\u00e1 hlava, dlouh\u00fd ocas a siln\u00e9 dr\u00e1py jsou typick\u00fdmi znaky varan\u016f. Dok\u00e1\u017eou vytrvale b\u011bhat i plavat a obratn\u011b lezou po stromech. Jsou p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b maso\u017erav\u00ed a ko\u0159ist nebo zdechliny vyhled\u00e1vaj\u00ed pomoc\u00ed citliv\u00e9ho \u010dichu. Jako mnoho jin\u00fdch plaz\u016f maj\u00ed rozeklan\u00fd jazyk, kter\u00fdm nab\u00edraj\u00ed \u201evzorky\u201c okoln\u00edho vzduchu i s pachov\u00fdmi stopami. P\u0159i zasunut\u00ed do tlamy se pachy p\u0159en\u00e1\u0161ej\u00ed do Jacobsonova org\u00e1nu na horn\u00edm pat\u0159e. Je to vlastn\u011b dvojice dutin, vystlan\u00fdch smyslov\u00fdmi bu\u0148kami. Zde doch\u00e1z\u00ed k chemick\u00e9 anal\u00fdze a podn\u011bty putuj\u00ed do mozku. Varani jsou velmi inteligentn\u00ed plazi a bez probl\u00e9m\u016f se vyrovnaj\u00ed savc\u016fm.<\/p>\r\n

VARAN SMARAGDOV\u00dd: M\u00e1 skute\u010dn\u011b z\u00e1\u0159iv\u011b zelen\u00e9 zbarven\u00ed. \u017dije jen na ostrov\u011b Nov\u00e1 Guinea a zdr\u017euje se hlavn\u011b na stromech. P\u0159i \u0161plh\u00e1n\u00ed si pom\u00e1h\u00e1 ov\u00edjiv\u00fdm ocasem. \u017dije v mal\u00fdch rodinn\u00fdch skupin\u00e1ch, tvo\u0159en\u00fdch dominantn\u00edm samcem a n\u011bkolika samicemi. V p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b klade vaj\u00ed\u010dka do termiti\u0161\u0165. Odchovy v lidsk\u00e9 p\u00e9\u010di rozhodn\u011b nepat\u0159\u00ed k b\u011b\u017en\u00fdm ud\u00e1lostem. <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Austr\u00e1lie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"39","title":"\u017delva ostnit\u00e1","description":"

\"Foto:Okrajov\u00e9 \u0161t\u00edtky na ploch\u00e9m krun\u00fd\u0159i vyb\u00edhaj\u00ed v hroty, kter\u00e9 jsou u ml\u00e1\u010fat dlouh\u00e9 a ostr\u00e9, u dosp\u011bl\u00fdch m\u00e1lo v\u00fdrazn\u00e9.<\/p>","latin_title":"Heosemys spinosa","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u017delvy (Chelonia)"},"breeding":"

\u017delvy ostnit\u00e9 p\u0159i\u0161ly do pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo v roce 2002 spole\u010dn\u011b s dal\u0161\u00edmi druhy, zabaven\u00fdmi na \u010dern\u00e9m trhu v Indon\u00e9sii. Z\u00e1chranu dehydratovan\u00fdch, hladov\u00fdch a \u010dasto i zran\u011bn\u00fdch \u017eelv organizovala Evropsk\u00e1 asociace zoologick\u00fdch zahrad a akv\u00e1ri\u00ed. \u010c\u00e1sti se ujala i pra\u017esk\u00e1 zoo, kter\u00e1 p\u0159ipravovala otev\u0159en\u00ed pavilonu Indon\u00e9sk\u00e1 d\u017eungle. Velk\u00fdm chovatelsk\u00fdm \u00fasp\u011bchem byla skute\u010dnost, \u017ee se mnoh\u00e9 druhy za\u010daly rozmno\u017eovat. T\u0159i ml\u00e1\u010fata \u017eelv ostnit\u00fdch se vyl\u00edhla v roce 2012.<\/p>","reproduction":"Samice klade 1 vejce (v\u00fdjime\u010dn\u011b a\u017e t\u0159i), jeho\u017e inkubace trv\u00e1 podle teploty 90\u2013170 dn\u00ed.","food_note":" bezobratl\u00ed, plody, hl\u00edzy a dal\u0161\u00ed \u010d\u00e1sti rostlin, ob\u010das zdechliny a bezobratl\u00ed ","biotopes_note":"potoky v tropick\u00fdch horsk\u00fdch les\u00edch a jejich okol\u00ed","spread_note":"jihov\u00fdchodn\u00ed Asie, v\u010detn\u011b Indon\u00e9sie a Filip\u00edn ","projects_note":" Druh je za\u0159azen do kategorie \"ohro\u017een\u00fd\", a to p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm kv\u016fli hromadn\u00e9mu lovu pro maso. Jedn\u00e1 se o choulostiv\u00e9 \u017eelvy, jejich\u017e chov se obvykle p\u0159\u00edli\u0161 neda\u0159\u00ed. V pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo jsme je v roce 2012 rozmno\u017eili jako druh\u00e1 zoo v Evrop\u011b. ","proportions":"d\u00e9lka karapaxu 17,5\u201322 cm, hmotnost 1,5\u20132 kg","attractions":"

\r\n

\u017dELVY OBECN\u011a: \u017delvy jsou starobyl\u00ed plazi, kte\u0159\u00ed se na Zemi objevili p\u0159ed 220 miliony lety, tedy v dob\u011b, kdy zde vl\u00e1dli dinosau\u0159i. Od t\u00e9 doby se nijak v\u00fdrazn\u011b nezm\u011bnil ani jejich vzhled, ani zp\u016fsob \u017eivota. O jejich anatomii, fyziologii i chov\u00e1n\u00ed bylo naps\u00e1no mnoho, a p\u0159ece jsou ob\u010das pro \u010dlov\u011bka z\u00e1hadou. Pro v\u0161echny druhy je typick\u00fd krun\u00fd\u0159 skl\u00e1daj\u00edc\u00ed se z horn\u00edho karapaxu a spodn\u00edho plastronu, kter\u00fd je p\u0159irostl\u00fd k \u010d\u00e1sti kostry. U suchozemsk\u00fdch \u017eelv je tvrd\u00fd a v\u011bt\u0161inou vyklenut\u00fd.
Krom\u011b krun\u00fd\u0159e se v\u0161ak \u017eelvy mohou pochlubit i dal\u0161\u00edmi zvl\u00e1\u0161tnostmi. Nemaj\u00ed zuby, ale okraje jejich \u010delist\u00ed jsou tak tvrd\u00e9 a ostr\u00e9, \u017ee si porad\u00ed nejen s tuh\u00fdmi plody, ale v p\u0159\u00edpad\u011b n\u011bkter\u00fdch druh\u016f i s kostmi. Zna\u010dn\u00e1 vytrvalost a odolnost \u017eelv souvis\u00ed s jejich schopnost\u00ed vyrovnat se s vysokou koncentrac\u00ed kyseliny ml\u00e9\u010dn\u00e9 ve svalech. V\u0161echny \u017eelvy jsou vejcorod\u00e9, vejce kladou na sou\u0161i a o sn\u016f\u0161ku nepe\u010duj\u00ed. Mnoh\u00e9 druhy putuj\u00ed na kladi\u0161t\u011b na velk\u00e9 vzd\u00e1lenosti a vyu\u017e\u00edvaj\u00ed stejn\u00e1 m\u00edsta po tis\u00edce let.<\/p>\r\n\u017dELVA OSTNIT\u00c1: Ob\u00fdv\u00e1 potoky v tropick\u00fdch les\u00edch, ale hodn\u011b \u010dasu tr\u00e1v\u00ed na sou\u0161i a m\u00e1 jen kr\u00e1tk\u00e9 plovac\u00ed bl\u00e1ny. Hled\u00e1 si zde i potravu (dokonce ji vyhrab\u00e1v\u00e1). Tento druh je za\u0159azen do kategorie \u201eohro\u017een\u00fd\", a to p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm kv\u016fli hromadn\u00e9mu lovu pro maso. Jedn\u00e1 se o choulostiv\u00e9 \u017eelvy, jejich\u017e chov se obvykle p\u0159\u00edli\u0161 neda\u0159\u00ed. V pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo jsme je v roce 2012 rozmno\u017eili jako druh\u00e1 zoo v Evrop\u011b. <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"\u010d\u00e1sti rostlin"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"40","title":"Varan antracitov\u00fd","description":"

\"Foto:Je to men\u0161\u00ed \u0161t\u00edhl\u00fd varan s jednobarevn\u011b \u010derno\u0161ed\u00fdm zbarven\u00edm. Ml\u00e1\u010fata maj\u00ed na \u0161ed\u00e9m podklad\u011b pravideln\u00e9 \u0159ady jasn\u011b \u017elut\u00fdch skvrn. M\u00e1 neobvykle dlouh\u00e9 zuby vhodn\u00e9 k dr\u017een\u00ed ko\u0159isti.<\/p>","latin_title":"Varanus beccarii","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

P\u00e1r varan\u016f antracitov\u00fdch p\u0159i\u0161el do zoo v roce 2007 z plze\u0148sk\u00e9 zoo.<\/p>","reproduction":"Samice klade 2\u20136 velk\u00fdch ko\u017eovit\u00fdch vajec, inkuba\u010dn\u00ed doba trv\u00e1 172\u2013240 dn\u00ed. ","food_note":"bezobratl\u00ed a drobn\u00ed obratlovci, vejce ","biotopes_note":" mok\u0159ady, korunov\u00e9 patro tropick\u00fdch les\u016f, mangrove ","spread_note":" Indon\u00e9sie \u2013 souostrov\u00ed Aru jihoz\u00e1padn\u011b od Nov\u00e9 Guineje ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 35 cm, d\u00e9lka ocasu a\u017e 95 cm","attractions":"

VARANI OBECN\u011a: Statn\u00e9 t\u011blo, \u0161t\u00edhl\u00e1 hlava, dlouh\u00fd ocas a siln\u00e9 dr\u00e1py jsou typick\u00fdmi znaky varan\u016f. Dok\u00e1\u017eou vytrvale b\u011bhat i plavat a obratn\u011b lezou po stromech. Jsou p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b maso\u017erav\u00ed a ko\u0159ist nebo zdechliny vyhled\u00e1vaj\u00ed pomoc\u00ed citliv\u00e9ho \u010dichu. Jako mnoho jin\u00fdch plaz\u016f maj\u00ed rozeklan\u00fd jazyk, kter\u00fdm nab\u00edraj\u00ed \u201evzorky\u201c okoln\u00edho vzduchu i s pachov\u00fdmi stopami. P\u0159i zasunut\u00ed do tlamy se pachy p\u0159en\u00e1\u0161ej\u00ed do Jacobsonova org\u00e1nu na horn\u00edm pat\u0159e. Je to vlastn\u011b dvojice dutin, vystlan\u00fdch smyslov\u00fdmi bu\u0148kami. Zde doch\u00e1z\u00ed k chemick\u00e9 anal\u00fdze a podn\u011bty putuj\u00ed do mozku. Varani jsou velmi inteligentn\u00ed plazi a bez probl\u00e9m\u016f se vyrovnaj\u00ed savc\u016fm.<\/p>\r\n

VARAN ANTRACITOV\u00dd: Na Nov\u00e9 Guineji a okoln\u00edch ostrovech se varani rozr\u016fznili do n\u011bkolika odli\u0161n\u011b zbarven\u00fdch druh\u016f, kter\u00e9 v\u011bdci v sou\u010dasn\u00e9 dob\u011b teprve popisuj\u00ed. Varan antracitov\u00fd je bl\u00edzce p\u0159\u00edbuzn\u00fd varanu smaragdov\u00e9mu (n\u011bkdy je dokonce pova\u017eovan\u00fd za jeho poddruh). Jako on dok\u00e1\u017ee vytrvale b\u011bhat i plavat a obratn\u011b leze po stromech. \u0160t\u00edhl\u00fd ch\u00e1pav\u00fd ocas a dlouh\u00e9 kon\u010detiny jsou skv\u011bl\u00fdm p\u0159izp\u016fsoben\u00edm k \u017eivotu v korun\u00e1ch strom\u016f.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"obratlovci"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Ter\u00e1rium","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/5814-terarium"}},{"id":"41","title":"\u017delva plochoh\u0159bet\u00e1","description":"

\"Foto:Jm\u00e9no dostala podle typicky ploch\u00e9ho krun\u00fd\u0159e, kter\u00fd je u ml\u00e1\u010fat jasn\u011b \u017elut\u00fd nebo zelen\u00fd. Zaj\u00edmav\u00e9 je tak\u00e9 to, \u017ee m\u00e1 jako jedin\u00e1 \u017eelva 6 h\u0159betn\u00edch \u0161t\u00edtk\u016f (jin\u00e9 \u017eelvy jich maj\u00ed 5).<\/p>","latin_title":"Notochelys platynota","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u017delvy (Chelonia)"},"breeding":"

Tuto zaj\u00edmavou \u017eelvu chov\u00e1me od roku 2004.<\/p>","reproduction":"Nejsou zn\u00e1my podrobnosti krom\u011b toho, \u017ee klade obvykle jen 2\u20133 pom\u011brn\u011b velk\u00e1 vejce, kter\u00e1 zahrabe na b\u0159ehu.","food_note":"bezobratl\u00ed, \u010d\u00e1sti vodn\u00edch rostlin, spadan\u00e9 plody, v men\u0161\u00ed m\u00ed\u0159e vodn\u00ed bezobratl\u00ed ","biotopes_note":"mok\u0159ady, stojat\u00e9 nebo m\u00edrn\u011b tekouc\u00ed sladk\u00e9 vody, mok\u0159ady v lesnat\u00fdch oblastech ","spread_note":"ji\u017en\u00ed Asie, od v\u00fdchodn\u00ed Malajsie a Thajska po Sumatru a J\u00e1vu ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka karapaxu 30\u201332 cm","attractions":"

\r\n

\u017dELVY OBECN\u011a: \u017delvy jsou starobyl\u00ed plazi, kte\u0159\u00ed se na Zemi objevili p\u0159ed 220 miliony lety, tedy v dob\u011b, kdy zde vl\u00e1dli dinosau\u0159i. Od t\u00e9 doby se nijak v\u00fdrazn\u011b nezm\u011bnil ani jejich vzhled, ani zp\u016fsob \u017eivota. O jejich anatomii, fyziologii i chov\u00e1n\u00ed bylo naps\u00e1no mnoho, a p\u0159ece jsou ob\u010das pro \u010dlov\u011bka z\u00e1hadou. Pro v\u0161echny druhy je typick\u00fd krun\u00fd\u0159 skl\u00e1daj\u00edc\u00ed se z horn\u00edho karapaxu a spodn\u00edho plastronu, kter\u00fd je p\u0159irostl\u00fd k \u010d\u00e1sti kostry. Vodn\u00ed \u017eelvy maj\u00ed krun\u00fd\u0159 ploch\u00fd, mnohdy pru\u017en\u00fd a\u017e ko\u017eovit\u00fd, n\u011bkdy v\u00fdrazn\u011b potla\u010den\u00fd.  Krom\u011b krun\u00fd\u0159e se v\u0161ak \u017eelvy mohou pochlubit i dal\u0161\u00edmi zvl\u00e1\u0161tnostmi. Nemaj\u00ed zuby, ale okraje jejich \u010delist\u00ed jsou tak tvrd\u00e9 a ostr\u00e9, \u017ee si porad\u00ed nejen s tuh\u00fdmi plody, ale v p\u0159\u00edpad\u011b n\u011bkter\u00fdch druh\u016f i s kostmi. Zna\u010dn\u00e1 vytrvalost a odolnost \u017eelv souvis\u00ed s jejich schopnost\u00ed vyrovnat se s vysokou koncentrac\u00ed kyseliny ml\u00e9\u010dn\u00e9 ve svalech. V\u0161echny \u017eelvy jsou vejcorod\u00e9, vejce kladou na sou\u0161i a o sn\u016f\u0161ku nepe\u010duj\u00ed. Mnoh\u00e9 druhy putuj\u00ed na kladi\u0161t\u011b na velk\u00e9 vzd\u00e1lenosti a vyu\u017e\u00edvaj\u00ed stejn\u00e1 m\u00edsta po tis\u00edce let.<\/p>\r\n\u017dELVA PLOCHOH\u0158BET\u00c1: Je to velmi plach\u00e1 asijsk\u00e1 \u017eelva, kter\u00e1 se r\u00e1da ukr\u00fdv\u00e1 ve spleti rostlin. Nejaktivn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed je r\u00e1no a pozd\u011b odpoledne, p\u0159\u00edpadn\u011b po de\u0161ti. V lidsk\u00e9 p\u00e9\u010di se objevuje jen vz\u00e1cn\u011b. Jej\u00ed maso je v \u010c\u00edn\u011b vyhled\u00e1vanou lah\u016fdkou, a proto po\u010det jedinc\u016f ve voln\u00e9 p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b zna\u010dn\u011b poklesl. <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"42","title":"Zmije gabunsk\u00e1 nosoro\u017e\u010d\u00ed","description":"

\"Foto:Typick\u00fdm znaky t\u00e9to zmije jsou krom\u011b zbarven\u00ed velk\u00e1 ploch\u00e1 hlava a tak\u00e9 dva r\u016f\u017eky na \u010denichu. M\u00e1 n\u00e1padn\u011b dlouh\u00e9 jedov\u00e9 zuby (a\u017e 5 cm) a jeden z nejprud\u0161\u00edch jed\u016f s hemotoxick\u00fdmi a neurotoxick\u00fdmi \u00fa\u010dinky.<\/p>","latin_title":"Bitis rhinoceros","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Zmije gabunsk\u00e9 chovala zoo ji\u017e v 60. letech minul\u00e9ho stolet\u00ed. Pot\u00e9 nastala v chovu p\u0159est\u00e1vka a teprve v roce 1990 p\u0159i\u0161lo n\u011bkolik exempl\u00e1\u0159\u016f poddruhu B. gabonica rhinoceros, kter\u00fd chov\u00e1me i dnes.<\/p>","reproduction":"je vejco\u017eivorod\u00e1, rod\u00ed 16\u221260 ml\u00e1\u010fat, inkubace 7 m\u011bs\u00edc\u016f","food_note":"men\u0161\u00ed obratlovci ","biotopes_note":"de\u0161tn\u00e9 lesy, vlhk\u00e1 savana","spread_note":" z\u00e1padn\u00ed Afrika, od Ghany po Guineu ","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka 1,2\u22122 m, z toho d\u00e9lka ocasu 10%, hmotnost 8\u221210 kg","attractions":"

Zmije nosoro\u017e\u010d\u00ed je poddruhem zmije gabunsk\u00e9. Zbarven\u00edm i tvarem t\u011bla je dokonale maskovan\u00e1 v prost\u0159ed\u00ed tropick\u00fdch les\u016f, kde se zdr\u017euje na zemi a \u010d\u00edh\u00e1 na ko\u0159ist. Zd\u00e1nliv\u011b pestr\u00e1 kresba slou\u017e\u00ed jako maskov\u00e1n\u00ed v mihotav\u00fdch st\u00ednech a mezi spadan\u00fdm list\u00edm. Jedov\u00e9 zuby jsou dlouh\u00e9 a\u017e 5 cm, jed je velmi siln\u00fd. Kousnut\u00ed je v\u0161ak pom\u011brn\u011b vz\u00e1cn\u00e9, proto\u017ee tato zmije je m\u00e1lo aktivn\u00ed. Tomu odpov\u00edd\u00e1 i pomal\u00fd metabolismus, d\u00edky n\u011bmu\u017e dok\u00e1\u017ee hladov\u011bt i 18 m\u011bs\u00edc\u016f.<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"obratlovci"},"continents":{"name_c":"Afrika"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Pavilon \u0161elem a plaz\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1454-pavilon-kockovitych-selem-a-terarium"}},{"id":"697","title":"L\u00e9tavka obecn\u00e1","description":"

\"Foto:<\/p>","latin_title":"Polypedates leucomystax ","class":"199","order":{"title":"\u017d\u00e1by (Anura)"},"breeding":"","reproduction":"po\u010det vaj\u00ed\u010dek 100\u2212400, inkubace 3\u22124 dny","food_note":"drobn\u00ed \u017eivo\u010dichov\u00e9","biotopes_note":"nejr\u016fzn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed lesnat\u00e9 a k\u0159ovinat\u00e9 oblasti v\u010detn\u011b zahrad","spread_note":"","projects_note":"","proportions":"d\u00e9lka 5\u20138 cm, v\u00e1ha: 12\u201330 g","attractions":"

\r\n

L\u00e9tavka obecn\u00e1 je velmi hojn\u00e1 a p\u0159izp\u016fsobiv\u00e1 \u017e\u00e1ba. Samice klade vaj\u00ed\u010dka do ov\u00e1ln\u00e9ho p\u011bnov\u00e9ho hn\u00edzda nad hladinu, vyl\u00edhnut\u00ed pulci padaj\u00ed do vody. K prom\u011bn\u011b doch\u00e1z\u00ed obvykle po sedmi t\u00fddnech. L\u00e9tavky jsou stromov\u00e9 \u017eabky, pro kter\u00e9 je typick\u00fd pad\u00e1kov\u00fd let p\u0159i p\u0159ekon\u00e1v\u00e1n\u00ed vzd\u00e1lenosti mezi stormy. P\u0159itom se odraz\u00ed a vrhnou se do voln\u00e9ho prostoru s \u0161iroce rozp\u0159a\u017een\u00fdma nohama a napnut\u00fdmi plovac\u00edmi bl\u00e1nami mezi prsty; ty zbrzd\u00ed p\u00e1d, p\u0159i\u010dem\u017e sm\u011br letu je \u0159\u00edzen zm\u011bnou polohy nohou. L\u00e9tavky se dokonce dok\u00e1\u017eou v letu oto\u010dit \u010delem vzad. <\/p>\r\n<\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"listnat\u00fd a sm\u00ed\u0161en\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"obratlovci"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Oboj\u017eiveln\u00edci (Amphibia)"}},{"id":"44","title":"Anolis barakojsk\u00fd","description":"

M\u00e1 velkou za\u0161pi\u010dat\u011blou hlavu a dlouh\u00fd bi\u010dovit\u00fd ocas, Je p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b zelen\u00fd, se \u017elutou kresbou na hlav\u011b, krku a lopatk\u00e1ch, v\u00fdraznou hlavn\u011b u samce.<\/p>\r\n

\"Anolis<\/p>","latin_title":"Anolis baracoae","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u0160upinat\u00ed (Squamata)"},"breeding":"

Prvn\u00ed dva anolisy p\u0159ivezli pracovn\u00edci zoo v\u00a0r. 1989 p\u0159\u00edmo z\u00a0Kuby. Soustavn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed chov za\u010dal v\u00a0r. 2007, kdy jsme z\u00edskali dva samce. K\u00a0nim p\u0159ibyla v\u00a0r. 2010 i samice a ji\u017e v\u00a0r. 2011 byla odchov\u00e1na prvn\u00ed ml\u00e1\u010fata, z\u00a0nich\u017e n\u011bkter\u00e1 \u017eij\u00ed v\u00a0zoo dosud. Celkem se do r. 2013 vyl\u00edhlo 17 ml\u00e1\u010fat.<\/span><\/p>","reproduction":"Samice klade n\u011bkolikr\u00e1t za sezonu 1\u20132 vejce. D\u00e9lka inkubace \u010din\u00ed p\u0159i 28 \u00b0C asi dva m\u011bs\u00edce. ","food_note":"mal\u00ed obratlovci, velk\u00fd hmyz, plody","biotopes_note":"r\u016fzn\u00e9 typy vlhk\u00fdch les\u016f, zahrady, parky","spread_note":"Kuba \u2013 oblast Boracoa","projects_note":"","proportions":"D\u00e9lka t\u011bla 50\u201455 cm, z toho 60 % tvo\u0159\u00ed ocas. Samci jsou v\u011bt\u0161\u00ed ne\u017e samice.","attractions":"Zdr\u017euje se p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b vysoko na stromech, dovede v\u00fdborn\u011b \u0161plhat i po hladk\u00e9m kmeni. \u017dije v p\u00e1rech, samci jsou teritori\u00e1ln\u00ed a sv\u00e9 \u00fazem\u00ed si ozna\u010duj\u00ed n\u00e1padn\u00fdm chov\u00e1n\u00edm \u2013 zvedaj\u00ed hlavu a nafukuj\u00ed hrdeln\u00ed lalok.","biotop":{"name_b":"listnat\u00fd a sm\u00ed\u0161en\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"plody"},"continents":{"name_c":"Ji\u017en\u00ed Amerika"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"Ter\u00e1rium","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/5814-terarium"}},{"id":"45","title":"Argus okat\u00fd","description":"

\"ArgusNa t\u011ble m\u00e1 hn\u011bd\u00e9 pe\u0159\u00ed s kresbou v podob\u011b ok, hlava a krk jsou modr\u00e9, hru\u010f rezav\u00e1 a nohy sv\u011btle \u010derven\u00e9. Na temeni a v t\u00fdle maj\u00ed chocholku z kr\u00e1tk\u00fdch \u010dern\u00fdch p\u00edrek. Samec arguse je nezam\u011bniteln\u00fd d\u00edky prodlou\u017een\u00fdm ocasn\u00edm per\u016fm a p\u0159edev\u0161\u00edm letk\u00e1m s n\u00e1padnou kresbou.<\/p>","latin_title":"Argusianus argus","class":"7","order":{"title":"Hrabav\u00ed (Galliformes)"},"breeding":"

Prvn\u00ed argusy p\u0159iv\u00edtali n\u00e1v\u0161t\u011bvn\u00edci zoo v r. 1954. V letech 1982 a\u017e 1999 nastala pauza, kdy jsme tyto zaj\u00edmav\u00e9 pt\u00e1ky nechovali. Pot\u00e9 se sice v zoo objevovali, ale z\u00e1sadn\u011bj\u0161\u00ed zlom v chovu nastal v r. 2005, kdy z holandsk\u00e9ho Arnhemu p\u0159i\u0161la sami\u010dka, je\u017e vytvo\u0159ila p\u00e1r s jedn\u00edm ze samc\u016f, kte\u0159\u00ed p\u0159i\u0161li pr\u00e1v\u011b v r. 1999. Prvn\u00ed ml\u00e1d\u011b bylo \u00fasp\u011b\u0161n\u011b odchov\u00e1no u\u017e v r. 2006, do r. 2011 se jich vyl\u00edhlo celkem deset.<\/p>","reproduction":"Samice sn\u00e1\u0161\u00ed pouze 2 vejce, na kter\u00fdch sed\u00ed sama 24\u201325 dn\u00ed.","food_note":"bobule, bezobratl\u00ed","biotopes_note":"hust\u00e9 n\u00ed\u017einn\u00e9 tropick\u00e9 lesy","spread_note":"indon\u00e9sk\u00e9 ostrovy Sumatra a Borneo, Malajsie","projects_note":"V \u010cerven\u00e9m seznamu IUCN je za\u0159azen v kategorii t\u00e9m\u011b\u0159 ohro\u017een\u00fd, a to hlavn\u011b v d\u016fsledku lovu pro pe\u0159\u00ed a \u00fabytku p\u016fvodn\u00edch les\u016f.","proportions":"d\u00e9lka t\u011bla 42\u201357 cm, d\u00e9lka ocasu 30\u2013143 cm, d\u00e9lka k\u0159\u00eddla 45\u201350 cm, hmotnost 1,6\u20132,7 kg","attractions":"

 <\/p>\r\n

Argusov\u00e9 jsou zaj\u00edmav\u00ed pt\u00e1ci p\u0159\u00edbuzn\u00ed ba\u017eant\u016fm. Ob\u00fdvaj\u00ed lesy na n\u011bkter\u00fdch indon\u00e9sk\u00fdch ostrovech a v Malajsii, kde vytv\u00e1\u0159ej\u00ed dva poddruhy, kter\u00e9 se li\u0161\u00ed hlavn\u011b velikost\u00ed a zbarven\u00edm hrudi. Samec arguse je nezam\u011bniteln\u00fd d\u00edky prodlou\u017een\u00fdm ocasn\u00edm per\u016fm i letk\u00e1m a mal\u00e9 chocholce na temeni. V dob\u011b toku samec vy\u010dist\u00ed plochu na lesn\u00ed m\u00fdtin\u011b a n\u00e1padn\u00fdm tancem l\u00e1k\u00e1 samici. Rozev\u00edr\u00e1 k\u0159\u00eddla s velk\u00fdmi loketn\u00edmi letkami, kter\u00e1 stav\u00ed p\u0159ed sebe jako \u0161t\u00edt, za n\u00edm\u017e je prakticky cel\u00fd ukryt\u00fd. P\u0159i tom se uplat\u0148uje kresba p\u0159ipom\u00ednaj\u00edc\u00ed \u0159adu o\u010d\u00ed. Z\u00e1rove\u0148 vzty\u010duje dlouh\u00e1 ocasn\u00ed pera. Oz\u00fdv\u00e1 se p\u0159i tom zvl\u00e1\u0161tn\u00edm hlasem, kter\u00fd zn\u00ed sice tlumen\u011b, ale p\u0159esto je p\u0159ekvapiv\u011b daleko sly\u0161iteln\u00fd. Samice sn\u00e1\u0161\u00ed vejce do hn\u00edzda, kter\u00e9 m\u00e1 podobu m\u011blk\u00e9 prohlubn\u011b v lesn\u00ed p\u016fd\u011b. Sed\u00ed na nich sama a sama tak\u00e9 vod\u00ed ml\u00e1\u010fata. Argusov\u00e9 ob\u00fdvaj\u00ed voli\u00e9ru v doln\u00ed \u010d\u00e1sti zoo.<\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"tropick\u00fd les"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Pt\u00e1ci (Aves)"},"localities":{"title":"Doln\u00ed \u010d\u00e1st zoo","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/areal\/8660-dolni-cast-arealu"}},{"id":"47","title":"Batagur tuntong","description":"

\"Foto:D\u00edky sv\u00fdm p\u016fsobiv\u00fdm rozm\u011br\u016fm a pestr\u00e9mu zbarven\u00ed hlavy, kter\u00e9 samci z\u00edsk\u00e1vaj\u00ed v obdob\u00ed rozmno\u017eov\u00e1n\u00ed, pat\u0159\u00ed batagurov\u00e9 z\u00e1rove\u0148 k jedn\u011bm z nejatraktivn\u011bj\u0161\u00edch vodn\u00edch \u017eelv. Maj\u00ed hladk\u00fd ploch\u00fd krun\u00fd\u0159 s m\u00e1lo patrn\u00fdmi \u0161vy a prsty spojen\u00e9 plovac\u00edmi bl\u00e1nami, kter\u00e9 usnad\u0148uj\u00ed plav\u00e1n\u00ed. Samec batagura tuntonga m\u00e1 v dob\u011b n\u00e1mluv hlavu p\u0159ev\u00e1\u017en\u011b antracitovou, v ostr\u00e9m kontrastu s alabastrov\u011b b\u00edl\u00fdmi duhovkami o\u010d\u00ed.<\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","latin_title":"Batagur affinis","class":"4","order":{"title":"\u017delvy (Chelonia)"},"breeding":"

Podobn\u011b jako v p\u0159\u00edpad\u011b kalagura se jeden batagur tuntong objevil v zoo v letech 1973\u22121976 a dal\u0161\u00ed jedinci p\u0159i\u0161li a\u017e v souvislosti s otv\u00edr\u00e1n\u00edm pavilonu Indon\u00e9sk\u00e1 d\u017eungle v letech 2004 a 2005, a to z plze\u0148sk\u00e9 zoo. <\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>\r\n

V Evrop\u011b dnes tento druh \u017eelvy chov\u00e1 pouze pra\u017esk\u00e1 zoo. Jedn\u00e1 se o dva samce a t\u0159i samice, kte\u0159\u00ed byli jako mal\u00e1 ml\u00e1\u010fata propa\u0161ov\u00e1ni do \u010ceska, zabaveni a um\u00edst\u011bni do CITES centra pra\u017esk\u00e9 zoo. Mladou skupinu se chovatel\u00e9 sna\u017e\u00ed poprv\u00e9 rozmno\u017eit. Loni byla ve vejc\u00edch mrtv\u00e1 ml\u00e1\u010fata.<\/p>\r\n

 <\/p>","reproduction":"po\u010det vajec a\u017e 30, inkubace 67\u221277 dn\u00ed ","food_note":"vodn\u00ed rostliny, vodn\u00ed bezobratl\u00ed","biotopes_note":"\u0159eky, \u00fast\u00ed \u0159ek, mangrovy, sou\u0161 jen v dob\u011b rozmno\u017eov\u00e1n\u00ed","spread_note":"Kambod\u017ea, Malajsie, Indon\u00e9sie","projects_note":"Pat\u0159\u00ed ke kriticky ohro\u017een\u00fdm druh\u016fm. V p\u0159\u00edrod\u011b z\u0159ejm\u011b \u017eije posledn\u00edch 200 jedinc\u016f a na \u010cerven\u00e9m seznamu batagurov\u00e9 figuruj\u00ed mezi kriticky ohro\u017een\u00fdmi druhy.","proportions":"d\u00e9lka krun\u00fd\u0159e 85\u201395 cm, hmotnost a\u017e 50 kg","attractions":"

Batagurov\u00e9 jsou jedny z nejohro\u017een\u011bj\u0161\u00edch sladkovodn\u00edch \u017eelv sv\u011bta \u2013 v\u0161ech \u0161est zn\u00e1m\u00fdch druh\u016f z p\u0159\u00edrody o p\u0159ekot miz\u00ed a jejich osud je nejist\u00fd. P\u0159\u00ed\u010dinou je lov pro maso a vejce i zhor\u0161ov\u00e1n\u00ed \u017eivotn\u00edho prost\u0159ed\u00ed. N\u011bkter\u00e9 druhy u\u017e se dokonce p\u0159estaly mno\u017eit a ve\u0161ker\u00e1 populace je tvo\u0159ena jen hrstkou izolovan\u00fdch dosp\u011bl\u00fdch zv\u00ed\u0159at. <\/p>\r\n

Samice zahrab\u00e1vaj\u00ed vejce na p\u00eds\u010dit\u00fdch pl\u00e1\u017e\u00edch, na kter\u00e9 \u010dasto putuj\u00ed i z velk\u00e9 d\u00e1lky.<\/p>\r\n

{module Video Youtube pro batagur tuntong} <\/p>","biotop":{"name_b":"sladk\u00e9 vody"},"food":{"name_f":"bezobratl\u00ed"},"continents":{"name_c":"Asie"},"classes":{"title":"Plazi (Reptilia)"},"localities":{"title":"\u010cambal - pavilon gavi\u00e1l\u016f","url":"http:\/\/www.zoopraha.cz\/zvirata-a-expozice\/kam-v-zoo\/pavilony\/1477-cambal-pavilon-gavialu"}},{"id":"48","title":"Ba\u017eant Edwards\u016fv","description":"

\"Foto:Samec m\u00e1 \u010dern\u00e9 pe\u0159\u00ed s modr\u00fdm kovov\u00fdm leskem, k\u0159\u00eddeln\u00ed krovky jsou zelen\u011b lemovan\u00e9. N\u00e1padn\u00e1 je proto n\u00edzk\u00e1 b\u00edl\u00e1 chocholka na temeni. Samice je matn\u011b hn\u011bd\u00e1. Ob\u011b pohlav\u00ed maj\u00ed \u010dervenou lysinu kolem o\u010d\u00ed a \u010derven\u00e9 nohy.<\/span><\/p>","latin_title":"Lophura edwardsi","class":"7","order":{"title":"Hrabav\u00ed (Galliformes)"},"breeding":"

Historie chovu tohoto vz\u00e1cn\u00e9ho a chovatelsky n\u00e1ro\u010dn\u00e9ho ba\u017eanta je pom\u011brn\u011b dlouh\u00e1. Zah\u00e1jil ji prvn\u00ed p\u00e1r, kter\u00fd p\u0159i\u0161el v r. 1949, ov\u0161em prvn\u00edch ml\u00e1\u010fat jsme se do\u010dkali a\u017e v r. 1977. Nyn\u00ed evidujeme vyl\u00edhnut\u00ed v\u00edce ne\u017e 130 ml\u00e1\u010fat. Od roku 2012 jsme pov\u011b\u0159eni koordinac\u00ed Evropsk\u00e9ho z\u00e1chrann\u00e9ho programu a spr\u00e1vou evropsk\u00e9 plemenn\u00e9 knihy. O t\u0159i roky pozd\u011bji do\u0161lo za \u00fa\u010delem vytvo\u0159en\u00ed p\u00e1r\u016f s potomky posledn\u00edho jedince z p\u0159\u00edrody k exportu jednoho na\u0161eho samce a t\u0159\u00ed samic do Zoo Hanoi. V sou\u010dasnosti prob\u00edh\u00e1 genetick\u00fd v\u00fdzkum, aby byla izolov\u00e1na geneticky \u010dist\u00e1 populace. V minulosti byl toti\u017e tento druh v chovech k\u0159\u00ed\u017een s ba\u017eanty sedlat\u00fdmi.<\/p>\r\n

\u010cl\u00e1nky o ba\u017eantech Edwardsov\u00fdch:<\/h3>\r\n